The Chemical Aspects on Hydrotreating Catalysis for Residue

잔사유의 수소화처리 촉매공정에 대한 화학적 고찰

  • Jeon, Min-Seok (Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Hanbat National University) ;
  • Lee, Youngjin (Regional Innovation Center for Industrialization of Advanced Chemical Materials, Hanbat National University) ;
  • Jung, Hoi-Kyoeng (Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Hanbat National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyung-Jong (Surface Technology Center, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH)) ;
  • Yoon, Seong-Ho (Institute for Materials Chemistry and Engineering, Kyushu University) ;
  • Kim, Taegon (Battery Research Center, R&D Campus Daejeon, LG Chem.) ;
  • Park, Joo-Il (Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Hanbat National University)
  • 전민석 (국립한밭대학교 화학생명공학과) ;
  • 이영진 (국립한밭대학교 화학소재 상용화 지역혁신센터) ;
  • 정회경 (국립한밭대학교 화학생명공학과) ;
  • 김현종 (한국생산기술연구원 뿌리산업기술연구소 표면처리그룹) ;
  • 윤성호 (큐슈대학교 선도물질 연구소) ;
  • 김태곤 (LG화학 기술연구원 베터리 연구센터) ;
  • 박주일 (국립한밭대학교 화학생명공학과)
  • Received : 2019.04.07
  • Accepted : 2019.04.17
  • Published : 2019.08.01


Hydrotreating catalysis refers to a various hydrogenation which saturate an unsaturated hydrocarbon, together with removing heteroatoms such as sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen, and trace metals from different petroleum streams in a refinery. Most refineries include at least three hydrotreating units for upgrading naphtha, middle distillates, gas oils, intermediate process streams, and/or residue. Among them, hydrotreating catalysis for residue are the core of the process, because of its complexity. This article reviews recent progress in tackling the issues found in the upgrading residues by hydrotreating, focusing on the chemistry of hydrodemetallization (HDM) and hydrodesulfurization (HDS). We also discuss the composition and functions of hydrotreating catalysts, and we highlight areas for further improvement.

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Fig. 1. Unit structure of asphaltene suggested by Yen and Mullin.

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Fig. 2. Conventional structures of metal-porphyrin compounds.

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Fig. 3. The model of massive S-compounds in the residues (Probabilistic speculation).


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