The Influence of Chinese University Students' Motives for Participating in Required Taekwondo Courses on Their Subjective Sense of Well-being in Their Individual Lives

중국 대학 교양 태권도수업 참여 학생의 참여 동기가 개인의 삶에 대한 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향

  • Li, Jing (Dept. of Physical Education, Graduate School, Dong-A University) ;
  • Kim, Seung-Yong (Major in Physical Education, Graduate School of Education, Dong-A University)
  • 리징 (동아대학교 대학원 체육학과) ;
  • 김승용 (동아대학교 교육대학원 체육교육전공)
  • Received : 2019.05.18
  • Accepted : 2019.07.20
  • Published : 2019.07.28


The objective of this study was to survey Chinese university students taking a required taekwondo course, with a goal to understand the impact of motives for participating in required university physical education courses on the subjective sense of well-being of the students. To achieve this end, the current study selected 256 students participating in a required taekwondo course in a university located in Shaanxi Province, China, as final effective samples. SPSS 22.0 was used to process the data, and the analysis results are as follows: First, Chinese university students' motives of participating in required physical education courses were positively correlated with their subjective well-being. More specifically, cognitive motivation, intellectual motivation, and social motivation, in that order, had significant correlation with positive emotions. Second, intellectual motivation was found to have a positive correlation with sense of satisfaction in life, while cognitive motivation had a negative correlation with sense of satisfaction in life. Third, intellectual and cognitive motivations were found to influence positive emotions, but social motivation was found not to have an influence on all areas of subjective sense of well-being. In addition, intellectual, cognitive, and social motivations were found not to have an influence on negative emotions.


Physical Education;Taekwondo Class;Participation Motivation;Individual Lives;Subjective Sense of Well-being

Table 1. Sample characteristics

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_423_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Participation motivation factor analysis and reliability verification

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_423_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Subjective Well-being factor analysis and reliability verification

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_423_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Relationship of participation motivation and subjective Well-being

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_423_t0004.png 이미지

Table 5. The influence of participation motivation on life satisfaction

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_423_t0005.png 이미지

Table 6. The influence of participation motivation on positive emotions

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_423_t0006.png 이미지

Table 7. The influence of participation motivation on negative emotions

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_423_t0007.png 이미지


  1. T. B. Kashdan. (2004). The assessment of subjective well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 36(5), 1225-1232.
  2. S. H. Choi & H. L. Lee. (2015). An influence of enjoyment and intrinsic motivation of university students who participate in taekwondo class on sense of community and exercise adherence. The Korea Journal of Sports Science, 24(6), 75-93.
  3. E. Diener. (1996). Traits can be powerful, but are not enough: Lessons from subjective well-being. Journal of Research in personality, 30(3), 389-399. DOI : 10.1006/jrpe.1996.0027
  4. D. G. Myers & E. Diener. (1995). Who is happy? Psychological Science, 6(1), 10-19. DOI : 10.1111/j.1467-9280.1995.tb00298.x
  5. Y. H. Jang. (2005). The relationship between big-five and subjective wellbeing. Journal of Student Guidance, 31, 93-107.
  6. S. M. Kown. (2008). Positive psychology: scientific inquiry of happiness. Seoul: Academician.
  7. J. G. Park & J. I. Yoo. (2008). Relationship between sport motivation and psychological well-being of university students. Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, 19(1), 115-128.
  8. Q. L. Zhang. (2004). Research on the relationship between subjective well-being and physical exercise of college students. ZheJiang journal of Sports Science, 1, 96-99.
  9. Q. J. Pang & Y. P. Li. (2009). The effect of physical exercise on university students' subjective well-being. Journal of Jilin Institute of Physical Education, 4, 90-91.
  10. M. Wu, Z. Q. Lu & L. Wang. (2017). The effect and countermeasures of physical exercise on the subjective well-being of college students. Sport Science and Technology, 38(2), 36-37.
  11. Y. Q. Zhang & X. F. Xu. (2012). The effects of taekwondo on improving the sense of shyness and the concept of physical self of college students. Journal of Physical Education, 19(2), 94-99.
  12. C. J. Folkins & W. F. Sime. (1981). Physical fitness training and mental health. American Psychologist, 36(4), 373-389. DOI : 10.1037/0003-066X.36.4.373
  13. M. Wu. (2017). The effect and countermeasures of physical exercise on the subjective well-being of college students. Sport Science and Technology, 38(2), 36-37.
  14. J. Y. Huang. (2010). On the current situation of taekwondo development in china. Contemporary Sports Technology, 2(9), 28-30.
  15. B. R. Kim, Y. J. Lee & H. H. Hwang. (2016). Impact of school life adaptation on social support according to participation in sports in ca's university student. The Korea Journal of Sports Science, 25(2), 27-39.
  16. H. H. Mao. (2015). Study of teaching satisfaction between taekwondo and martial arts in university of china. Doctoral dissertation. Yongin University, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.
  17. Chinese taekwondo association. (2014). Chinese Taekwondo association.
  18. Kukkiwon. (2015).
  19. S. H. Park. (2010). Leisure & Recreation in the digital age. Seoul: Galim publisher.
  20. X. Q. Liu. (2014). Investigation and analysis of the motivation of college students in learning taekwondo. Sports, 10, 80-81.
  21. Korea Taekwondo Association (2015).
  22. J. S. Park. (2006). Comparison of the BMI and health related physical fitness of the elementary school children by taekwondo and hapkido training period. The Korea Journal of Sports Science, 15(1), 797-805.
  23. B. W. Tan. (2008). Chinese Taekwondo Status.
  24. M. H. Kim, J. H. Kim & H. J. Won. (2014). The effects of the leisure club type on the leisure identity and leisure identity's influence on psychological wellbeing as perceived by collegiate students. Society for Leisure and Culture Studies, 12(1), 21-42.
  25. S. A. Chae & S. Y. Han. (2002). The relation of leisure participation motivation, self efficacy and subjective well-being. Korean Journal of Psychological and Social Issues, 8(2), 17-31.
  26. M. O. lee & S. H. Yoo. (2008). Effect of self-concepts on the trainees' motives of participation an satisfaction level. Kyung Hee University Journal, 1(1), 19-24.
  27. S. J. Seo & T. H. Lim. (2014). Impact of self-determination and motivation level on subjective wellbeing in adult taekwondo trainees. Taekwondo Journal of Kukkiwon, 5(1), 73-98.
  28. S. K. Baek. (2001). The relationship between dance participation for leisure and subjective well-being. Journal of Korean Sociology of Sport, 14(2), 425-442.
  29. B. G. Kim. (2013). Effects of participation for physical education class on sport for all recognition and subjective well-being among university students. The Korea Journal of Sports Science, 22(4), 609-621.
  30. N. Jiang. (2017). Research on the problems that should be paid attention to in the training of youth taekwondo. Contemporary Sports Technology, 12(7), 34-35.
  31. Y. Sun. (2018). Research on teaching condition of college taekwondo. Contemporary Sports Technology, 8(5), 108-109.
  32. Y. Deng, M. W. Chen & W. X. Huang. (2018). Analysis of the development situation of taekwondo in primary and middle schools-a case study of 10 primary and middle schools in guilin city. Physical Education Review, 37(2), 25-27.
  33. S. E. Iso-Ahola & J. R. Allen. (1982). The dynamics of Leisure motivation: The effects of outcome on leisure needs. Research Quarterly for Exercise and sport, 53(2), 141-149. DOI : 10.1080/02701367.1982.10605240
  34. C. H. Lee. (1995). A study on the motivation and satisfaction of participation in sports activities in urban married women. Doctoral dissertation, Korea University, Seoul.
  35. B. X. So. (2005). A study on the relations between the motive and satisfaction of participation in taekwondo training activity of german. Master's Thesis. Chung-Ang University, Seoul.
  36. E. Diener. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 542-575. DOI : 10.1037/0033-2909.95.3.542
  37. D. Watson, L. A. Clark & A. Tellegen. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063-1070.
  38. J. S. Lee. (1991). Interactive effect of extraversion and neuroticism on subjective well-being. Master's Thesis. Korea University, Seoul.
  39. E. Diener. A. Emmons, R. J. Larsen & S. Griffin. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale: a measure of life satisfaction, Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71-75.
  40. E. Y. Lee, E. K. Suh, T. Chu, H. J. Kim & D. K. Sherman. (2009). Is emotion suppression that bad? comparing the emotion suppression and subjective well-being link in two cultures. Korean Journal of Social and Personality Psychology, 23(1), 131-146
  41. C. S. Song & G. Y. Huang. (2015). A study on relation among participation motives, flow experience and training satisfaction of taekwondo participants. The Korean Journal of Physical Education, 54(2), 99-110.
  42. J. G. Lee. (1992). The contribution of participation in sports & exercise programs to life satisfaction of adults. Doctoral dissertation. Seoul National University, Seoul.
  43. H. S & S. H. Bang. (2010). Relationship among motivation, sport flow, life satisfaction on leisure involvement in recreational sport participation. The Korea Journal of Sports Science, 19(2), 153-165.
  44. Y. W. Kang & B. G. Chin. (2003). Research of the motives and the satisfactions of the participants of squash. The Korean Journal of Physical Education, 42(6), 379-389.
  45. C. Mihaela (2011). Quality of life: Sport relationship analysis indicators. Challenges for the Knowledge Society, 6, 73-84.
  46. N. I. Han & T. H. Choi. (2014). The effect of sport participation motivation for korea and japan high school students on the sport commitment and school life satisfaction. The Korean Journal of Growth and Development, 22(1), 43-51.
  47. S. H. Ko, H. M. Kang & Y. Mun. (1998). The relationship between locus of control, perceived leisure competence and subjective well-being of leisure sport participants. The Korean Journal of physical Education, 37(4), 99-110.
  48. M. H. Williams. (1998). Lifetime fitness and wellness. New York: Wm. C. Brown Publishers.
  49. B. K. Kim & K. K. Cho. (2014). The effects of youth leisure satisfaction on subjective happiness. International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, 28(11), 67-80.
  50. K. S. Yoo, J. Y. Chang, S. H. Lee & J. S. Yoo. (2009). The effect of college students' motivations to attend sports classes as liberal arts on their leisure life. The Korea Journal of Sports Science, 18(2), 103-114.
  51. J. Y. Lee. (1992). Sport and quality of life. Seoul: Korean Society of Sports Sociology.