DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effects of Exercise Program on Cognitive Function, Depression, and Life Satisfaction in Elderly

12주간 운동 프로그램이 노인의 인지기능, 불안 및 생활 만족도에 미치는 영향

  • An, Sang-Hyun (Department of Physical education, Sungkyul University)
  • 안상현 (성결대학교 체육교육과)
  • Received : 2019.05.23
  • Accepted : 2019.07.20
  • Published : 2019.07.28

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to examine conduction of 12 week exercise program for the aged of sanatorium on their cognitive function, depression, uneasiness, and living satisfaction. The subject of this research was 60 aged persons of H sanatorium in H-si and mental status examination and survey on depression criterion, uneasiness measurement, and living satisfaction of the aged were conducted. To examine the effects of the program, paired t-test was conducted. As a result, there were significant differences after 12-week exercise program in all factors such as cognitive function, depression, uneasiness and living satisfaction of the subjects. In conclusion, regular exercise program may positive effects on mental status cognitive status, depression, uneasiness, and living satisfaction of the aged. Therefore proper exercise form and program are necessary to the aged in long term care facilities.

Keywords

Elderly;Cognitive Function;Depression;Quality of life;Instrumental activities of daily living

Table 1. General characteristic of the subjects

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_401_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Composition of the exercise program

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_401_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Pre and post exercise intervention change in cognitive function

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_401_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Pre and post exercise intervention change in depression scale and anxiety scale

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_401_t0004.png 이미지

Table 5. Pre and post exercise intervention change in satisfaction score

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_401_t0005.png 이미지

References

  1. Statistics Korea. (2018). senior citizen.
  2. Ministry of Healthy and Welfare. (2011). Falling birthrate and the aging of society statistics. http://www.index.go.kr
  3. H. W. Shin. (2009). Study on Integrative Development of the Contents for Play Therapy for Elderly. Doctoral dissertation. Korea University, Seoul.
  4. Y. K. Lee. (2009). Determinants of Long-Term Care Service Use by Elderly. The Korean Gerontological Society, 29(3), 917-933.
  5. C. W. Hwang. (2010). A Study on the factors affecting satisfaction of the Long-term care services for elderly service users : Focusing of Elderly residents on Daegu. master's dissertation. Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan.
  6. C. S. Kang. (2011). Research on Factors Affecting Elderly Long-term Care Service Satisfaction. master's dissertation. University of Seoul, Seoul.
  7. S. G. Park. (2011). A Study on the Factors in the Satisfaction Level of the Users of Long-Term Home Treatment Service. master's dissertation. Daegu University, Gyeongsan.
  8. G. T. Eom. (2011). A study on the user satisfaction of visiting recuperation service by Long Term Care Insurance for the Elderly : Focusing on the Visiting Recuperation Service Users of Yeongwol Province. master's dissertation. Sangji University, Wonju.
  9. H. H. LEE. (2011). An Empirical study on the Satisfaction of the Recipients of the National Long-Term Care Insurance Service for the Elderly According to the Demographic Characteristics of Both the Care-Givers and the Aged Recipients. Doctoral dissertation. Seoul Venture University, Seoul.
  10. Y. H Kim & J. S. An. (2012). Stress, Life satisfaction and service satisfaction of elderly and elderly family using Long-term care service. Korean Society of Gerontological Social Welfare, 57, 161-189.
  11. H. S. Lee. (2012). Eldery counseling. Seoul : Hakjisa.
  12. M. K. Lee & H. S. Park. (2007). The Effects of Music Therapy Programs on Depression of Day Care Patients in Medical Center for seniors and Process Analysis. The Institute of Korean Arts Therapy. 7(1), 1-28
  13. Seoul national university hospital. (2008). Nationwide Study on the Prevalence of Dementia in Korean Elders. Seoul : MOHW Division of Senior Policy.
  14. I. S. Lee. (2011). The theory of Senior Citizen Welfare Program. Seoul : Yangseowon.
  15. G. Yoon. (2001). Adult psychology senior citizens. Seoul : Central publisher of aptitude.
  16. B. C. Choi. (2014). Music therapy. Seoul : Hakjisa.
  17. J. J. Bae & H. C. Park. (2014). The Effect of Exercise on Senior' Depression in Local Area. The Korean Journal of Physical Education, 53(3), 549-557.
  18. Y. G. Huh, W. S. Jung & M. G. Lee. (2014). Effects of a 13-week outdoor group walking exercise on depression and its' related variables in elderly women. The Korean Society Of Sports Science, 23(2), 1.
  19. H. R. Kim. (2007). Quality of Life in Korean Older Persons. Journal of nursing query, 16(2), 39-51.
  20. H. Y. Cho. (2004). A Case Study of the Group Art Therapy Program for Reducing Depression of Elderly Patients with Chronic Diseases. master's dissertation. Soongsil University. Seoul.
  21. C. Fortes, S. Farchi, F. Forastiere, N. Agabiti, R. Pacifici, P. Zuccaro & S. Ebrahim. (2003). Depressive symptoms lead to impaired cellular immune response. Psychotherapy and Psychosmatics, 72(5), 253-260. https://doi.org/10.1159/000071896
  22. B. M. Hagerty, R. A. Williams, J. C. Coyne & M. R. Early. (1996). Sense of belonging and indicators of social and psychological functioning. Archives of psychiatric nursing, 10(4), 235-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9417(96)80029-X
  23. B. S. Koh. (2002). A study on the Quality of life for the Elderly in Jeju. master's dissertation. Soongsil University. Seoul.
  24. S. H. Oh & D. S. Yoon. (2006). A Comparative Study on Quality of Life on the Elderly among urban, farm and island area. Journal of Welfare for the Aged, 32, 119-147.
  25. N. E. Avis, K. W. Smith, R. K. Hambleton, H. A. Feldman, A. Selwyn & A. Jaycobs. (1996). Development of the multidimensional index of life quality: a quality if life measure for cardiovascular disease. Medical care, 1102-1120.
  26. Y. W. Ju. (2002). Effect of Elderly Exercise Program on Self-Esteem and Depression of Elderly. master's dissertation. Chonnam National University. Gwangju.
  27. J. T. Cha & Y. S. Jee. (2004). The effects of regular exercise on cardiovascular function and depression in elderly. Korean journal of physical education, 43(5), 331-340.
  28. S. B. Lee. (2003). The Effects of the Exercise Programs in the Welfare Institution on the Participants' Aging, Physical Fitness and Quality of Life. Doctoral dissertation. Yonsei University, Seoul.
  29. H. S. Lee. (2007). The Influence of the Gym-Ball Exercise Program on the Health Fitness Strength and Life Quality of the Old Femal. master's dissertation. master's dissertation. Daegu University, Gyeongsan.
  30. J. H. Park & Y. C. Kwon. (1989). Standardization of Korean Version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-K). Journal of the korean neuropsychiatric association, 28(1), 77-94.
  31. M. S. Lee & M. K. Lee. (2003). A Development of Korea Depression Scale. J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc, 42(4), 492-506.
  32. J. I. Sheikh & J. A. Yesavage. (1986). Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): recent evidence and development of a shorter version. Clinical Gerontologist : The Journal of Aging and Mental Health.
  33. B. S. Kee. (1996). A Preliminary Study for the Standardization of Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form-Korea Version. Journal of the korean neuropsychiatric association, 35, 298-307.
  34. S. J. Choi. (1986). A Study on the Development of Measuring Scale of he Concept of Life Satisfaction. Research Institute of Korean Culture, Ewha Womans University, 49, 233-256.
  35. J. H. Han, J. E. Lee, J. H. Park, S. H. Lee & H. S. Kang. (2014). Effect of a 12 Week-Aerobic Exercise Program on Physical Fitness, Depression, and Cognitive Function in the Elderly. Exercise Science, 23(4), 375-85. https://doi.org/10.15857/ksep.2014.23.4.375
  36. J. H. Shon & H. S. Yoo. (2010). Effects of Chronic Combined Exercise on Cognitive Function and Depression in Elderly Women. Korean Society of Sport Psychology, 21(4), 183-195.
  37. Y. S. Kwak, S. Y. Um, T. G. Son & D. J. Kim. (2008). Effect of regular exercise on senile dementia patients. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29(06), 471-474. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-964853
  38. R. B. Shepherd. (2001). Exercise and Training to Optimize Functional Motor Performance in Stroke: Driving Neural Reorganization?. Neural plasticity, 8(1), 121-129. https://doi.org/10.1155/NP.2001.121
  39. J. W. Kim. (2010). The effect of constructed exercise program on quality of life and depression for elderly in a care facility. master's dissertation. Hanseo University, Seosan.
  40. S. A. Sung. (2003). The effects of exercise program on health related fitness and depression of low-income elderly women. master's dissertation. Ewha Womans University, Seoul.
  41. S. M. Kwon & M. S. Kwon. (2016). Development and evaluation of physical activity promotion program in the resident elderly. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 17(8), 485-491.
  42. S. M. Kwon & J. S. Park. (2013). The Effect of Health Promotion Program for Frail Elderly Residents on Health Promoting Behavior and Health Status. The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Adult Nursing, 25(2), 194-206. https://doi.org/10.7475/kjan.2013.25.2.194
  43. J. H. Park & Y. C. Kwon. (1989). Part I : Development of the Test for the Elderly= Korean Version of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-K). Journal of the korean neuropsychiatric association, 28(1), 125-135.
  44. Y. H. Kim. (2007). The effect that korea dancing influences on the living satisfaction of the aged. master's dissertation. Wonkwang University, Iksan.
  45. H. Kim & M. Park. (2014). Physical function and ego-integrity in frail and non-frail elders in a local community. Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing, 16(1), 27-37. https://doi.org/10.17079/jkgn.2014.16.1.27
  46. M. A. Williams & K. J. Stewart. (2009). Impact of strength and resistance training on cardiovascular disease risk factors and outcomes in older adults. Clinics in geriatric medicine, 25(4), 703-714. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cger.2009.07.003
  47. S. L. Lee. (2005). The Relationship between Korean Traditional Dance Participation, Mental Health and Life Satisfaction among the Old Female Persons. Journal of Korean Physical Education Association for Girls and Women, 19(2), 41-50.
  48. J. S. Moon. (2008). A Study on Development of an Elderly Leadership Program for Successful Aging and Evaluation of Its Effects. Doctoral dissertation. Seoul Christian University. Seoul.