Mediating and Moderating Effects of Self-esteem, Social Participation and Discrimination Experience in the Relationship between Acceptance of Disability and Social Competence in Adults with Physical Disabilities

지체장애인의 장애수용과 사회적 유능감 간의 관계에서 자존감, 사회참여, 차별경험의 매개 및 조절효과

  • Kim, Do-Hee (Dep. of Education, Chonnam National University)
  • Received : 2019.04.15
  • Accepted : 2019.07.20
  • Published : 2019.07.28


The purpose of this study is to identify effective strategies for promoting psycho-social adjustment by examining the mediating effects of self-esteem (SE) and moderating effects of social participation (SP) and discrimination experience (DE) in predicting social competence (SC) with acceptance of disability (AD). The subjects of the study were 1943 adults with a physical disability (1338 males and 605 females) and 233 adults with brain lesions (160 males and 73 females) aged between 19 and 65 years. Data were analyzed using SPSS and Process macro software, and conditional process analysis (model 18) in which the degree and onset of disability were controlled was performed. The results are as follows. First, SE was found to partially mediate the relationship between AD and SC. Second, the relationship between SE and SC was found to be moderated by SP but not by DE, and the relationship between SP and SC was found to be moderated by DE. In addition, the mediating effects of SE, which was moderated by SP, were found to not be moderated by DE. The clinical implication and suggestion for future research is discussed.


Physical disabilities;Disability acceptance;Social competence;Self-esteem;Social participation

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Fig. 1. The research model

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Fig. 2. A schematic summary of results

Table 1. Demographic background of Participants

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Table 2. Relationship between each variable

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Table 3. Results of conditional process analysis

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