A Study on the Relationship between Assault and Victim in the Film Act of Killing

영화 "액트 오브 킬링"에 나타난 가해자와 피해자의 관계 연구

  • 김석원 (고려대학교 역사연구소) ;
  • 김성호 (중원대학교 융합디자인학과)
  • Received : 2019.04.17
  • Accepted : 2019.07.20
  • Published : 2019.07.28


The purpose of this study was to look at the relationship between perpetrators and victims in Joshua Oppenheimer's Act of Killing. The theoretical tools used for this purpose were to study $Ren{\acute{e}}$ Girard's "Mimetic desire" and Hannah Arrent's "banality of evil" and to look at $Ren{\acute{e}}$ Girard's theory of "Le Bouc emissaire". The meaning of the study used the reproducible narrative of the film to challenge the reproducibility of past genocide and seek the combination of documentary and fiction as a way to show the truth. Also, the reconciliation between the assailant and the victim is meaningful in securing 'neutrality of fairness'.but they are still lacking, and more in-depth studies will need to be conducted in future further studies.


Joshua Oppenheimer;$Ren{\acute{e}}$ Girard;Mimetic desire;Le Bouc emissaire;Hannah Arendt;Banality of evil

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Fig. 1. Act of Killng, After the re-enactment of the massacre, the little girl crying scene.

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Fig. 2. Act of Killng, a scene in which Anwar reenactedthe murder of a victim with a wire rope.

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Fig. 3. Pengkianatan G30S/PKI,1984 in The Act of Killing.

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Fig. 4. In Act of Killing, in Pengkianatan G30S/ PKI,1984, a scene in which the general pasted a picture of his face covered with blood with torture, with Anwar Congo and friends making bloody makeup.

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Fig. 5. Act of Killing, scene of Hermann, dressed as aminah, eating liver, and a series of scenes in which the general's forehead is drawn with a razor in Penguinatan G30S/PKI,1984.

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Fig. 6. On the left is a scene of general suffering during Pengkianatan G30S/PKI, 1984, where the Indonesian Communist Party dances while the Indonesian Communist Party sings "Gener-Ginzer," and on the right is Anwar Congo dancing in .

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Fig. 7. Act of Killng, The scene where Anwar is tortured from the perspective of a victim.

Table. 1. Analysis of the Type of Act of Killng

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