Factors Influencing of Colorectal Cancer Screening Behavior

대장암 조기검진행위와 영향요인

  • Lee, Ji Sun (Department of Nursing, Honam University)
  • Received : 2019.04.22
  • Accepted : 2019.07.20
  • Published : 2019.07.28


This study was to investigate the factors influencing colorectal cancer(CRC) screening behavior using the health belief model(HBM). It was a descriptive cross-sectional survey. A total of 148 adults aged 50 or older participants were surveyed using structured questionnaires including general characteristics,, health beliefs, and behavioral variables. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, chi-square test and multiple logistic regression using SPSS/WIN 25.0 program. The significant factors influecing CRC screening behavior were perceived sensitivity, spousal experience of CRC screening and family history. Therefore, in order to improve the CRC screening rate, it is necessary to increase the perceived sensitivity through systematic education about the importance of early CRC screening. In addition, it is necessary to assess the spousal screening experience and the family history of subjects and to develop the education program using the partnership of the couple.


Colorectal Neoplasm;Early Detection;Health Behavior;Health Belief;Perceived Sensitivity

Table 1. Demographics and the Health Belief, Self efficacy and Cue to action related to CRC Screening Behavior of Participants

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Table 2. Characteristics according to the Experience of CRC screening

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_179_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Predictors of CRC Screening Behavior

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_179_t0003.png 이미지


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