DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

유통물류센터의 최적 보관면적 산출 방법에 관한 연구

A Study on the Estimation of Optimal Storage Area in the Distribution Center

  • 박정현 (인천대학교 동북아물류대학원) ;
  • 김동명 (인천대학교 동북아물류대학원) ;
  • 여기태 (인천대학교 동북아물류대학원)
  • Park, Jung-Hyun (Graduate School of Logistics, Incheon National University) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Myung (Graduate School of Logistics, Incheon National University) ;
  • Yeo, Gi-Tae (Graduate School of Logistics, Incheon National University)
  • 투고 : 2019.04.30
  • 심사 : 2019.07.20
  • 발행 : 2019.07.28

초록

유통물류센터는 재고를 보유하고 있어 효율적인 보관면적에 관한 설계는 매우 중요하다. 이에 본 연구는 표준 파렛트 유닛로드 이용을 고려한 유통물류센터의 최적 보관면적 산출방안 제시를 연구 목적으로 하며, 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 국내에서 주로 사용되는 T-11형과 T-12형 파렛트를 보관하는 표준 랙 모듈을 정의하였다. 둘째, 다양한 파렛트 운반 장비를 조사 및 분석하여, 유형별 표준 운반장비 작업통로를 정의하였다. 그리고 최종으로 보관 공간 내에서 랙 모듈 배치 시 발생할 수 있는 비활용 공간 최소화 방안 제시와 함께 유통물류센터 보관 공간에 대한 손쉬운 최적면적 산출 방안을 제안하였다는 측면에서 큰 시사점을 갖는다. 향후 연구에서는 Mini-Load용 표준 랙 모듈 및 GTP(Goods to Person) 피킹 시스템 등 최근 물류 기술이 반영된 표준화된 전체 물류센터 레이아웃 배치에 관한 연구가 필요하다.

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_f0001.png 이미지

Fig. 1. Domestic Logistics Center Registration Status

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_f0002.png 이미지

Fig. 2. Major pain points on operating distribution center

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_f0003.png 이미지

Fig. 3. Major weak points in storage area

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_f0004.png 이미지

Fig. 4. Standard Pallet Rack Module by Type

Table 1. Current status of logistics system for Korean retailers

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Major Logistics Facility Analysis Results

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Major configuration details of the pallet rack

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Rack Module Area Comparison by Type

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_t0004.png 이미지

Table 5. Application of Storage Facilities by pallet Transport Equipment

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_t0005.png 이미지

Table 6. Standard aisle width criteria for each pallet transport equipment(forklift) type

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_t0006.png 이미지

Table 7. Standard working path criteria by type

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_t0007.png 이미지

Table 8. Column type in the rack storage

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_t0008.png 이미지

Table 10. Criteria for optimal column spacing for placement of pallet racks

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_t0009.png 이미지

Table 9. New column Interval Setting Rule

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_t0010.png 이미지

Table 11. Analysis results of required floor space by pallet type and rack level(1)

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_t0011.png 이미지

Table 12. Analysis results of required floor space by pallet type and rack level(2)

DJTJBT_2019_v17n7_59_t0012.png 이미지

참고문헌

  1. KST (2005). system of logistics module. https://standard.go.kr/KSCI/standardIntro/getStandardSearchView.do.
  2. KST. (2007). Width of aisle in warehouse. https://standard.go.kr/KSCI/standardIntro/getStandardSearchView.do
  3. KST. (2010). Criteria for Facilities of Logistics Center. https://standard.go.kr/KSCI/standardIntro/getStandardSearchView.do
  4. M. B. Lee & W. J. Kim. (2007). A Study on the Standardization of Unit Load System. Korea Logistics Reviews, 17(3), 141-162.
  5. C. H. Choi (2009). A New Evaluation Method for the Effectiveness of Standardized Storage Facilities. The Korean society for railway, 2009(5), 1924-1930.
  6. J. I. Lee. (2018). The 'Survival Era' of the Disgusting Logistics Center, Gyotongnews paper : http://www.gyotongn.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=216818
  7. KST. (2004). Criteria for facilities of logistics facilities. https://standard.go.kr/KSCI/standardIntro/getStandardSearchView.do
  8. E. K. Kim. (2015). A study on the Determinants of ambient temperature multistory distribution center working aisle and column space. Master dissertation. Hanyang university, Seoul.
  9. G. S. Yun & J. S. Park. (2013). A Study on the Logistics Standardization Impact on Corporate Efficiency. Korea Logistics Reviews, 23(5), 167-188.
  10. J. W. Lee. (2015). A Study on the Trends of Automated Logistics Equipment Market and Its Perception in Korea. East Asian Logistics Trends, 2015(86), 92-101.
  11. S. G. Choi. (2016). A Study on Efficient operations of the Commodities at Distribution logistics center. Master dissertation. Seokyeong university, Seoul.
  12. J. K. Shin, C. H. Lee & B. S. Son. (2010). A Study on Important Factors influencing Operation Efficiency of the Logistics Center. Korea Logistics Reviews, 20, 141-158.
  13. S. H. Choi, K. M. Hong & H. J. Kim. (2018). A Study on Needs of the Logistics Technology in Korea, Korea Maritime Institute
  14. S. D. Yeom & T. U. Rho. (2016). A Study on the Determinant of Logistics Warehouse Location. reacademy, 67, 73-86.
  15. J. Bond. (2018). Top 20 Material Handling System Suppliers in 2017. Modern Materilas handling, https://www.mmh.com/article/top_20_material_handling_system_suppliers_in_2017
  16. M. S. Seo. (2017). Effect on Corporation's Performance and Logistics by developing Distribution Industry to Omni-Channel. Master dissertation. Korea Aerospace University, Goyang.
  17. M. J. Kim. (2018). Distribution - Well done online company who good at Offline Company. Mirae Asset Daewoo Research. 57-67.
  18. J. H. Park, J. G. Oh, D. M. Kim & G. T. Yeo. (2019). A Study on the Establishment Direction of Smart Distribution Logistics Center in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, Journal of Digital Convergence, 17(2), 59-71. DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2019.17.2.059 https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2019.17.2.059
  19. M. Tutam & J. A. White(2019). A multi-dock, unit-load warehouse design, IISE Transactions 51(3), 232-247. DOI : 10.1080/24725854.2018.1488307 https://doi.org/10.1080/24725854.2018.1488307
  20. F. Yener & H. R. Yazgan. (2019). "Optimal warehouse design: Literature review and case study application", Computers & Industrial Engineering, 129, 1-13. DOI : 10.1016/j.cie.2019.01.006 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cie.2019.01.006
  21. D. Mourtzis, V. Samothrakis, V. Zogopoulos &E. Vlachou (2019). Warehouse design and operation using augmented reality technology: A papermaking industry case study, Procedia CIRP, 79, 574-579. DOI : 10.1016/j.procir.2019.02.097 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2019.02.097
  22. Y. J. Kim, S. Lee & K. T. Kim. (2010). Study on Area Calculation in Warehouse. The Korean society for railway, 2010(7), 1567-1573.
  23. S. Lee, Y. J. Kim & Y. J. Kwon. (2010). Development of Layout Design Algorithm for Warehouse. The Korean society for railway, 2010(7), 1574-1579.
  24. Korea Railroad Research Institute. (2018). Development of the National Logistics Standards System.
  25. S. K. Choi, H. S. Kim & W. S. Park. (2014). The simulation study on working time of unit load cargo in warehouse. The Journal of shipping and logistics, 81, 219-240.
  26. B. Rouwenhorst, B. Reuter, B. Stochrahm, G.J. Houtum, R.J. Mantel & W.H. Zijm. (2000). Warehouse design and control: Framework and literature review. European Journal of Operational Research, 122, 515-533. DOI : 10.1016/S0377-2217(99)00020-X https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-2217(99)00020-X
  27. L. F. Thomas. (2000). Warehouse Layout and Design, Freese & Associates, Inc.
  28. M.D. Mohsen. (2002). A Framework for the design of warehouse layout. Facilities, 20(13,14), 432-440. DOI: 10.1108/02632770210454377 https://doi.org/10.1108/02632770210454377
  29. B. M. Rene, D. Koster, L. Andrew & R. Debjit. (2017). "Warehouse design and management", International Journal of Proudction Research, 55(21), 6327-6330. DOI : 10.1080/00207543.2017.1371856 https://doi.org/10.1080/00207543.2017.1371856
  30. H. Zhang, Z. Guo, H. Cai, C. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Yu, W. Li & J. Wang (2018). Layout design for intelligent warehouse by evolution with fitness approximation, ArXiv.org, Cornell University.
  31. P. Baker & M. Canessa. (2009). Warehouse design: A structured approach. European Journal of Operational Research, 193(2), 425-436. DOI : 10.1016/j.ejor.2007.11.045 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2007.11.045
  32. V.K. Dubey & D. Veeramani. (2017). A framework for sizing an automated distribution center in a retail supply chain, Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory 75, 113-126. DOI : 10.1016/j.simpat.2017.03.014 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.simpat.2017.03.014
  33. B.M. Rene. (2010). Warehouse Math In: L.Kroon, T.L, R. Zuidwijk(Eds.), Liber amicorum, RSM-Dinalog, 179-186.
  34. B. D. Ahn. (1997). Standardization of automatic warehouses. Daejeon : Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science.
  35. M. S. Jeon (2004). Study on Aisle Width for Forklift Truck in Warehouse, Korea Logistics Reviews, 20(5), 175-200.
  36. Y. J. Kim, S. Lee, K. T. Kim & Y. J. Kwon. (2010). Study on Aisle Width for Forklift Truck in Warehouse, Korea Logistics Reviews, 20(5), 175-200.
  37. Csico-Eagle,Pallet Rack Specification : http://www.cisco-eagle.com/catalog/c-3051-selective-rack-configuration.aspx
  38. Ridg-U-Rak : http://www.ridgurak.com/images/pdfs/RidgPalletRackBrochureWeb5503.pdf
  39. Carson : http://www.carsonrack.com/info.html
  40. Shinhanrack : http://shinhanrack.co.kr
  41. Daeyoung : http://dy-rack.com/m_product1_1.php
  42. Tlens Company Limited by Shares : http://www.tlens.co.kr/sub/product/pallet.html
  43. Hankukangle : http://www.hankookangle.co.kr/
  44. Pia Logistics : http://pialogis.com/?NVKWD=%EB%9E%99&NVADKWD=%EB%9E%99&NVAR=PL&NVADID=27950198+0ya1002KJcDhXJy4007Z
  45. Nex Logistics : http://www.nexlt.co.kr/keep_rack/pallet_rack.php?s=2&m=1
  46. L. S. Jeon. (2007). A study planning a logistics center to operating. Goyang : Bumhanp