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The Characteristics of South Korea's New Northern Policy and Cooperation with Eurasia Countries' Initiatives Focused on China, Mongolia and Russia

한국 신(新)북방정책과 유라시아 주요 국가와의 협력방안 모색 - 중국, 몽골, 러시아를 중심으로 -

  • Song, Min-Geun (Academy of Chinese Studies, Incheon National University)
  • 송민근 (인천대학교 중국학술원)
  • Received : 2019.04.25
  • Accepted : 2019.07.20
  • Published : 2019.07.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the main features of South Korea's New Northern Policy and to make some suggestions for cooperation with neighboring countries' initiatives. The New Northern Policy encompasses the whole of Eurasia, but the starting development area would be the border region of the Korean Peninsula. In this viewpoint, this study examines the Belt and Road Initiative of China, the New Eastern Policy of Russia and the Steppe Road Initiative of Mongolia, and presents the characteristics, problems and some implementation strategies of the New Northern Policy. Apart from the future possibilities of the regional cooperations that include North Korea, it would be necessary for South Korea to secure and expand the possible opportunities for "Korea-China-Mongolia-Russia" cooperation. In order to create a close cooperative environment with North Korea in the future, it would also be necessary to build a maritime route, with port development around major border regions on the Korean Peninsula, including Russia, and to develop the port-railway intermodal transportation system with neighboring countries. South Korea need to actively cooperate with neighboring countries to develop the new Eurasia logistics routes would be more favorable to the Korean Peninsula in preparation for the time when the North Korean nuclear issue will be resolved.

Keywords

New Northern Policy;The Belt and Road Initiative;New Eastern Policy;The Steppe Road;Eurasia

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Fig. 1. Responsible Northeast Asia Plus Community

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Fig. 2. ‘9-Bridge’ of New Northern Policy

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Fig. 3. The Belt and Road Initiative of China

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Fig. 4. New Eastern Policy of Russia

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Fig. 5. The Steppe Road of Mongolia

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Fig. 6. Economic Cooperation Region between China,Russia and North Korea

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Fig. 7. Port and Urban hierarchy around the Korean Peninsula

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