An Exploratory Study on the e-Learning Motives and Intent of e-Learning Learners

이러닝 학습자들의 이러닝 이용동기 및 이용의도에 관한 탐색적 연구

  • Shin, Ho-Young (Institute of Management & Economy Research, Yeungnam University)
  • 신호영 (영남대학교 산경연구소)
  • Received : 2019.06.07
  • Accepted : 2019.07.20
  • Published : 2019.07.28


The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting e-learning usage intention of university students who have no prior e-learning experience. To address this issue, the study was carried out in two stages on university students at Y and K universities of Gyeongbuk province. After conducting the first survey, we constructed the measurement items and conducted the second survey on the factors that influence the learner's intention to use as the basic theory based on the results of the survey and the interviews with the experts. The result shows, first, due to the autonomy, the biggest advantage for e-learning, students' self-control decreases which affects e-learning fault. Second, university students use e-learning because of its convenience, ease of use and usefulness. However, convenience of learning space found to be useful in using e-learning, but it does not affect their actual intention to use e-learning. The result of this study can be used as basic data for the implementation of e-learning within the university and enhancing the individuals' learning effectiveness.

본 연구는 이러닝을 이용한 경험이 없는 대학생들이 이러닝의 특성 요인 중 어떠한 요인으로 인해 이러닝을 이용하려고 하는지 이용의도에 미치는 요인을 알아보기 위해 경상북도에 소재한 Y대학과 K대학의 대학생을 대상으로 2단계에 걸쳐 연구조사를 실시하였다. 1차 조사를 진행한 후, 조사결과와 전문가 인터뷰를 바탕으로 측정항목을 구성하고 이를 기본이론으로 하여 학습자들의 이용의도에 영향을 미치는 요인에 대한 2차 조사를 진행하였다. 그 결과, 첫째 이러닝의 가장 큰 이점인 자율성이 오히려 대학생들의 자기통제력을 낮추어 이러닝 이용 시 결점으로 나타났다. 둘째 대학생들은 학습시간의 편의성, 학습과정의 용이성, 이러닝의 유용성으로 인해 이러닝을 이용하는 것으로 나타났지만, 학습공간의 편의성은 이러닝을 이용하는데 유용은 하지만 실질적인 이러닝을 이용하는 의도에는 영향을 미치지 못하는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구의 결과는 대학 내에서 이러닝을 활성화 시키고 학습자들의 학습효과를 증진하는데 필요한 기초자료로 활용할 수 있을 것으로 생각된다.


Table 1. Pilot Survey Result Top5 (Multiple response)

OHHGBW_2019_v10n7_225_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Demographic Characteristics of Respondents

OHHGBW_2019_v10n7_225_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Construction of Questionnaire

OHHGBW_2019_v10n7_225_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Factor Analysis

OHHGBW_2019_v10n7_225_t0004.png 이미지

Table 5. Current Use of e-Learning Learners

OHHGBW_2019_v10n7_225_t0005.png 이미지

Table 6. Correlation Analysis

OHHGBW_2019_v10n7_225_t0006.png 이미지

Table 7. Factors of impact on e-Learning intent to use

OHHGBW_2019_v10n7_225_t0007.png 이미지

Table 8. Factors of impact on e-Learning Usefulness

OHHGBW_2019_v10n7_225_t0008.png 이미지


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