Influence of Parental Attachment on Learning Flow: Mediating Effects of Parental Academic Expectation and Optimism in Adolescents

청소년들의 부모애착이 학습몰입에 미치는 영향: 부모의 학업기대와 낙관성의 매개효과

  • Jeong, Goo-Churl (Department of Counseling Psychology, Sahmyook University) ;
  • Seol, Mi-Kyung (Department of Counseling Psychology, Sahmyook University Graduate School)
  • 정구철 (삼육대학교 상담심리학과) ;
  • 설미경 (삼육대학교 대학원 상담심리학과)
  • Received : 2019.05.07
  • Accepted : 2019.07.20
  • Published : 2019.07.28


The purpose of this study was to analyze the mediating effects of parental academic expectations and adolescent's optimism in the influence of perceived parental attachment on learning flow. The subjects of this study were 184 middle and high school students in Seoul. The results of this study are as follows. First, academic expectation and optimism showed significant full mediation effects on the relationship between parent attachment and learning flow. Second, there was no statistically significant difference in the difference between the indirect effects of academic expectation and optimism by the bootstrapping method. Based on the results of this study, it was found that the healthy attachment relationship with the parents increases the parent's supportive expectancy, improves the optimism for the youth, and improves the learning commitment for effective learning. Finally, we discussed the role and expectations of parents and adolescents in promoting the learning commitment of adolescents.

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Fig. 1. Research model

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Fig. 2. Modified research model

Table 2. Differences in parental attachment, academic expectation, optimism, and learning flow by general characteristics

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Table 1. Descriptive statistics of research variables

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Table 3. Correlation coefficients among research variables

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Table 4. Factor coefficients of measurement model

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Table 5. Path coefficients of Modified model

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Table 6. Indirect effect of modified model

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Supported by : Sahmyook University


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