Influence of Parental Attachment on Learning Flow: Mediating Effects of Parental Academic Expectation and Optimism in Adolescents

청소년들의 부모애착이 학습몰입에 미치는 영향: 부모의 학업기대와 낙관성의 매개효과

  • Jeong, Goo-Churl (Department of Counseling Psychology, Sahmyook University) ;
  • Seol, Mi-Kyung (Department of Counseling Psychology, Sahmyook University Graduate School)
  • 정구철 (삼육대학교 상담심리학과) ;
  • 설미경 (삼육대학교 대학원 상담심리학과)
  • Received : 2019.05.07
  • Accepted : 2019.07.20
  • Published : 2019.07.28


The purpose of this study was to analyze the mediating effects of parental academic expectations and adolescent's optimism in the influence of perceived parental attachment on learning flow. The subjects of this study were 184 middle and high school students in Seoul. The results of this study are as follows. First, academic expectation and optimism showed significant full mediation effects on the relationship between parent attachment and learning flow. Second, there was no statistically significant difference in the difference between the indirect effects of academic expectation and optimism by the bootstrapping method. Based on the results of this study, it was found that the healthy attachment relationship with the parents increases the parent's supportive expectancy, improves the optimism for the youth, and improves the learning commitment for effective learning. Finally, we discussed the role and expectations of parents and adolescents in promoting the learning commitment of adolescents.

본 연구는 청소년들이 지각한 부모애착이 학습몰입에 미치는 영향에서 부모의 지지적 학업기대와 청소년의 낙관성의 매개효과를 융합적으로 검증하고자 수행되었다. 연구 대상은 서울특별시에 소재한 중 고등학교 학생 184명이었다. 연구결과, 첫째, 학업기대와 낙관성은 부모애착과 학습몰입 간의 관계에서 완전 매개효과를 보였다. 간접효과의 유의성을 Bootstrapping 방법으로 분석한 결과, 부모의 학업기대와 청소년의 낙관성을 통한 간접효과는 모두 통계적으로 유의하였다. 둘째, 학업기대와 낙관성의 간접효과 간의 차이를 Bootstrapping 방법으로 분석한 결과 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 없었다. 이러한 연구 결과를 바탕으로 부모와의 건강한 애착 관계는 부모의 지지적 기대를 증가시키고, 청소년들에게는 낙관성을 증진시켜, 효율적인 학습을 위한 학습몰입을 향상시키는 것을 알 수 있었다. 그리고, 청소년의 학습몰입을 증진시키기 위한 부모와 자녀의 역할과 기대에 대해 논의하였다.


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Fig. 1. Research model

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Fig. 2. Modified research model

Table 2. Differences in parental attachment, academic expectation, optimism, and learning flow by general characteristics

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Table 1. Descriptive statistics of research variables

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Table 3. Correlation coefficients among research variables

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Table 4. Factor coefficients of measurement model

OHHGBW_2019_v10n7_213_t0004.png 이미지

Table 5. Path coefficients of Modified model

OHHGBW_2019_v10n7_213_t0005.png 이미지

Table 6. Indirect effect of modified model

OHHGBW_2019_v10n7_213_t0006.png 이미지


Supported by : Sahmyook University


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