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Wood Species Classification Utilizing Ensembles of Convolutional Neural Networks Established by Near-Infrared Spectra and Images Acquired from Korean Softwood Lumber

Yang, Sang-Yun;Lee, Hyung Gu;Park, Yonggun;Chung, Hyunwoo;Kim, Hyunbin;Park, Se-Yeong;Choi, In-Gyu;Kwon, Ohkyung;Yeo, Hwanmyeong

  • Received : 2019.05.01
  • Accepted : 2019.07.02
  • Published : 2019.07.25

Abstract

In our previous study, we investigated the use of ensemble models based on LeNet and MiniVGGNet to classify the images of transverse and longitudinal surfaces of five Korean softwoods (cedar, cypress, Korean pine, Korean red pine, and larch). It had accomplished an average F1 score of more than 98%; the classification performance of the longitudinal surface image was still less than that of the transverse surface image. In this study, ensemble methods of two different convolutional neural network models (LeNet3 for smartphone camera images and NIRNet for NIR spectra) were applied to lumber species classification. Experimentally, the best classification performance was obtained by the averaging ensemble method of LeNet3 and NIRNet. The average F1 scores of the individual LeNet3 model and the individual NIRNet model were 91.98% and 85.94%, respectively. By the averaging ensemble method of LeNet3 and NIRNet, an average F1 score was increased to 95.31%.

Keywords

lumber species classification;convolutional neural networks;ensemble methods;LeNet;NIRNet;NIR spectroscopy

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Forestry Promotion Institute