A Study on the Lower Body Shape and Life Status of Elderly Women according to the Progress Group of Varus

노년 여성의 내반슬 진행집단에 따른 하반신 형태 및 생활실태 분석

  • Jang, Ji Hyeon (Dept. of Clothing & Textiles, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Jeong Ran (Dept. of Clothing & Textiles, Pusan National University/Research Institute of Ecology for the Elderly, Pusan National University)
  • 장지현 (부산대학교 의류학과) ;
  • 이정란 (부산대학교 의류학과/부산대학교 노인생활환경연구소)
  • Received : 2019.02.11
  • Accepted : 2019.04.05
  • Published : 2019.06.30


This study categorized 100 female subjects over 65 years of age into two groups. The first group is called 'early stage of varus', which is when the gap between the knees is less than 5 cm. The second group is called 'progressive varus', which is when the gap between knees is 5 cm (or more). We then analyzed their lower body shapes and life status. The results were as follows. The average gap between knees in the early stage group and the progressive group was 3.3 cm and 6.2 cm. Direct and indirect measurements of their lower bodies showed that subjects in the progressive group had longer legs than the other group because their legs were bent outwards. Most of the subjects were found to live in western housing conditions, but maintained sedentary lifestyles. A total of 60% of the subjects thought that they were in bad health conditions and said that they found it difficult to move their knees dynamically; in addition, 63.6% of the subjects in the early stage group and 73.5% of the subjects in the progressive group suffered from arthritis. Subjects in the progressive group were more aware than the other group that their legs were bent outwards. They also responded that bent legs do harm to their appearance and make their lives uncomfortable. Most senior females with varus did not seek medical treatment and did not buy clothes that can help change their varus. However, 95% of the subjects responded they were in need for clothes that could straighten the varus-type.


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