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The Effects of the Fit between Forms of KM Strategy and Types of IT Capability on the Innovations of Manufacturing Firm: Innovation Openness

지식경영 전략과 정보기술 역량 간의 적합 관계가 제조기업 혁신에 미치는 영향: 혁신의 공개성

  • Received : 2019.03.11
  • Accepted : 2019.05.21
  • Published : 2019.06.30

Abstract

Purpose This study exploratory investigated the effects of the fit between forms of knowledge management(KM) strategy and types of information technology(IT) capability on the kinds of innovations such as product and process innovations. In this study, the openness of innovations that affects the innovations of a firm is considered. Design/methodology/approach For this empirical study, 104 manufacturing firms' data were finally collected through field survey. For the analysis of the data, cluster analysis and multiple regression analysis were employed. Findings This study demonstrated that when a system-oriented KM strategy is adopted, IT flexibility, which supports the implementation of a system-oriented strategy, is highly employed and utilized. It was also found that under a dynamic KM strategy, both IT integration and IT flexibility are highly employed. For the innovation of a firm, it was found that when a system-oriented strategy is employed and the flexibility of IT is highly adopted, the levels of product innovation are enhanced. Under a dynamic strategy, when the degrees of IT integration and IT flexibility are high, high levels of product and process innovations were empirically found. The impact of innovation openness on the innovations of a firm were partially demonstrated. Finally, the positive impact of the innovations on the improvement of performance in manufacturing firms were demonstrated.

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<그림 1> 지식경영 전략 구분 틀

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<그림 2> 본 연구의 연구모형

<표 1> 표본기업의 업종별 및 규모별 분포

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<표 2> 탐색적 요인분석 결과

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<표 3> 연구변수들의 기술 통계치

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<표 4> 연구변수들 간의 상관관계

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<표 5> 집락 분석과 거리 계수

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<표 6> 7 집단들 간 기준 변수들 차이(Kruskal-Wallis test)

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<표 7> 7 집단들 간 기업 혁신 차이(Kruskal-Wallis test)

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<표 8> 혁신 공개성의 기업 혁신에 대한 영향분석(다중 회귀분석1))

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<표 9> 기업 혁신의 기업 성과에 대한 영향분석(다중 회귀분석2))

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