The Effect on the Dietary Habits and Food Purchase Type according to the Stress in Chinese Students

경기지역 중국인 유학생의 스트레스가 식습관 및 식품구매 형태에 미치는 영향

Jang, Jae-Seon

  • Received : 2019.05.19
  • Accepted : 2019.06.18
  • Published : 2019.06.30


This study was performed to provide fundamental data on the dietary habits and food purchase types according to the stress patterns. The subject was 312 Chinese students in Gyeonggi region through a self-administered questionnaire. According to the results of the reliability analysis, the stress items showed an average of 2.91 and 0.846 for Cronbach alpha coefficient. The results of ANOVA analysis on the difference of dietary habits according to stress are as follows; There were significant differences for the meal frequency per day according to schoolwork, economic, general living, and dietary habits (p<0.05). Also, the general living pattern showed significant differences for the meal outside frequency and Chinese food intake (p<0.05). The results of ANOVA analysis on the difference of food purchase type according to stress are as follows; There was significant differences in degree of use of convenience foods according to interpersonal relationship, cooking method of convenience foods according to economics, the selection criteria of convenience foods according to schoolwork (p<0.05). The correlation coefficient of dietary habits and convenience food intake are 0.223, -0.147 in stress degree and dietary habits. In conclusion, I would like to provide the basic data necessary for the right choice of Chinese students' dietary habits and food purchases.


Chinese students;stress;dietary habits;food purchase type


  1. Bae SH, Hong JI, Song YY. 2013. Comparisons of student engagement between Korean students and Chinese students studying in Korean universities. Korean J Comp Educ 23:59-82
  2. Choi YS. 2001. A study the nutritional knowledge, dietary habits, nutritional attitudes and health consciousness of elementary and middle school teachers in Masan city. Master's Thesis, Changwon Univ. Changwon. Korea
  3. Chung HK, Kim MH, Woo NRY. 2007. The effect of life stress on eating habit of university students in Chungcheongnam-do province. J Korean Soc Food Cult 22:176-184
  4. Ha JH. 2008. A qualitative study on chinese students' adaptation to Korean college life. Korean J Couns Psychother 20:473-496
  5. Han MJ, Cho HA. 1998. Dietary habit and perceived stress of college students in Seoul area. Korean J Dietary Culture 13:317-326
  6. Hong JH, Kim SY. 2014. Correlation between eating behavior and stress level in high school students. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 43:459-470
  7. Jeong EY, Kim KN. 2007. Influence of stress on snack consumption in middle school girls. Nutr Res Pract 1:349-355
  8. Ju BK. 2011. The effects of stress form learning English and self-concept on English achievement: Focused on the middle school students. Master's Thesis, Dankook Univ. Cheonan. Korea
  9. Kim DH, Kim HD. 2002. Stress-related socio-demographic factors and life style on male white collar worker. J Korean Soc Health Edu Promot 19:45-54
  10. Kim HH. 2009. A study on the relationship between academic stress and test anxiety by gender. Master's Thesis, Hankuk Univ. of Foreign Studies. Seoul. Korea
  11. Kim JH, Lee MJ, Moon SJ, Shin SC, Kim MK. 1993. Ecological analysis of food behavior and life-styles affecting the prevalence of depression in Korea. Korea J Nutr Health 26:1129-1137
  12. Kim KH. 2000. The relation between life stress and nutrient intake status in female university students. J Korean Soc Food Cult 15:387-399
  13. Kim MR, Kim H. 2009. A study on the consumption behaviors regarding red pepper paste according to the food-related lifestyles of housewives. J East Asian Soc Diet Life 19:1-8
  14. Korea Immigration Service. 2019. Monthly statistics for immigration policy. Available from [cited 13 May 2019]
  15. Lee JB. 2000. Serum lipid and antioxidant status in person with stress. Korean J Acad Fam Med 21:514-521
  16. Lee JS. 2015. Eating habits of the university students affected by stress levels in the areas of Seoul and Gangwon province. Korean J Food Nutr 28:782-793
  17. Lee MS, Kwak CS. 2006. The comparison in daily intake of nutrients, quality of diets and dietary habits between male and female college students in Daejeon. Korean Soc Community Nutr 11:39-51
  18. Lee SY. 2013. A study on the perception and consumption pattern of convenience food by middle school students in Gyeunggi area. Master's Thesis, Kyunghee Univ. Seoul. Korea
  19. Lim CH. 2009. Acculturative stresses and adjustment elements of Chinese students' studying in Korea. Korean Assoc Hum Ecol 18:93-112
  20. Lu Ren. 2016. The study of dietary habits, convenience foods recognition and intake on Chinese students in Korea. Master's Thesis, Gachon Univ. Seongnam. Korea
  21. Park SJ, Choi SH. 2006. Factors influencing health promotion behavior of Korean students in China. J Korean Acad Fundam Nutr 13:269-274
  22. Ropper AH, Brown RH. 2005. Adam and Victor's Principles of Neurology. 8th ed. McGraw-Hill
  23. Song DB, Seo DH, Park HB, Ahn SG, Sun SM, Park EC, Lee HY. 2006. The relationship between stress and eating habits of university students. J Korean Acad Fam Med 27:7-11
  24. Seung HS. 2005. A study on the bakery markets consumption pattern by food-related lifestyle. Master's Thesis, Ewha Univ. Seoul. Korea
  25. The Korean Dietetic Association. 2015 Available from [cited 13 May 2019]
  26. Torres SJ, Nowson CA. 2007. Relationship between stress, eating behavior and obesity. J Nutr 23:887-894
  27. Woon YE. 2010. A study on the specialty coffee shop selection attributes by the food-related lifestyle. Master's Thesis, Chung-Ang Univ. Seoul. Korea
  28. Yun HR. 2010. College students' dietary behavior for processed foods and the level of perception on food nutrition labeling system according to the level of nutrition knowledge. Master's Thesis, Sangji Univ. Wonju. Korea
  29. Zhang Y. 2005. A study on the Korean mastery level and acculturative stress of the Chinese students studying in Korea. Master's Thesis, Mokpo Univ. Mokpo. Korea
  30. Zhu JF. 2012. Lifestyle changes and acculturative stress of Chinese international students living in Korea. Master's Thesis, Chung-Ang Univ. Seoul. Korea