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Nutrients Intake and Health Indices by Occupation in Middle-Aged Men - Using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2013-2016 -

중년남성의 직업에 따른 영양섭취실태와 건강지표의 비교 - 2013년~2016년 국민건강영양조사 자료 이용 -

Her, Eun-Sil
허은실

  • Received : 2019.04.11
  • Accepted : 2019.06.08
  • Published : 2019.06.30

Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare nutrients intake, health indices, and prevalence of chronic diseases by occupation in middle-aged men, using results from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The subjects were divided into two groups by their occupation (Office worker (OW) and Agri-fishery worker (AFW)) and their percentages were 75.5% and 24.5% respectively. In health-related factors, drinking rate was higher in OW (p<0.001), while smoking rate was higher in AFW (p<0.001). Walking and strength exercise were both higher in OW group. In dietary behavior, the rate of skipping breakfast and eating out was higher in OW (p<0.001). Food supplement usage were consumed by OW more than AFW (p<0.001). Daily energy intake was higher in AFW (p<0.05). There were significant differences in nutrient density per 1,000 kcal of minerals and vitamins between the two groups (p<0.05~p<0.001), except calcium, potassium, vitamin A and thiamin. In body weight, BMI, waist circumference and blood pressures, OW was higher than AFW (p<0.05~p<0.001). Whereas, HDL and LDL-cholesterol were higher in AFW (p<0.001). The prevalence of diabetes was higher in AFW (p<0.001). The results of this study can be used as data to establish nutrition and health strategies for occupation in middle-aged men.

Keywords

middle-aged men;nutrients intake;health indices;prevalence of chronic diseases

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 창신대학교