Comparison of Anti-oxidant and Anti-inflammatory Activities of Methanolic Extracts Obtained from Different Parts of Cotoneaster wilsonii Nakai

섬개야광나무의 부위별 메탄올 추출물의 항산화 및 항염 활성 비교

Yoo, Nam Ho;Kim, Hee Kyu;Lee, Chan Ok;Park, Ju Hee;Kim, Myong Jo

  • Received : 2019.04.16
  • Accepted : 2019.06.09
  • Published : 2019.06.30


Background: The Ministry of Environment, Korea recognizes Cotoneaster wilsonii Nakai as a second-class endangered plant. It is a native species that grows in Ulleung-do, Korea. To our knowledge, the bioactivity of this plant has not yet been reported. Therefore, in this study, we have reported the bioactivity of C. wilsonii Nakai. Methods and Results: The anti-oxidant activities of C. wilsonii methanolic extract were investigated in vitro. The anti-oxidant activity was evaluated using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical assay, and the total phenolic and flavonoid content were measured. The leaf methanolic extract had the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity ($IC_{50}$; $15.74{\mu}g/m{\ell}$), and it also had the highest total phenolic and flavonoid content ($220.95mg{\cdot}GAE/g$, and $36.46mg{\cdot}QE/g$ extract respectively). Through high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis, chlorogenic acid was found to be the predominant among all phenolic compounds, showing a concentration of 84.24 mg/g extract. More than 60% decrease in nitric oxide (NO) production was found in the leaf methanolic extract. Conclusions: To the best of our knowldege, this is the first report of the bioactivities of C. wilsonii. The results demonstrate that the leaf methanolic extract of C. wilsonii shows potent anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities.


Cotoneaster wilsonii Nakai;Anti-oxidant;Anti-inflammatory;Caffeic Acid;Chlorogenic acid;Ferulic Acid;Gallic Acid;High Performance Liquid Chromatography;Syringic Acid