Adsorption and Desorption Characteristics of Sr, Cs, and Na Ions with Na-A Zeolite Synthesized from Coal Fly Ash in Low-Alkali Condition

석탄 비산재로부터 저알칼리 조건에서 합성된 Na-A 제올라이트의 Sr, Cs 및 Na 이온의 흡탈착 특성

  • Choi, Jeong-Hak (Department of Environmental Engineering, Catholic University of Pusan) ;
  • Lee, Chang-Han (Department of Environmental Adminstration, Catholic University of Pusan)
  • 최정학 (부산가톨릭대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 이창한 (부산가톨릭대학교 환경행정학과)
  • Received : 2019.04.24
  • Accepted : 2019.06.18
  • Published : 2019.06.30


A zeolitic material (Z-Y2) was synthesized from Coal Fly Ash (CFA) using a fusion/hydrothermal method under low-alkali condition (NaOH/CFA = 0.6). The adsorption performance of the prepared zeolite was evaluated by monitoring its removal efficiencies for Sr and Cs ions, which are well-known as significant radionuclides in liquid radioactive waste. The XRD (X-ray diffraction) patterns of the synthesized Z-Y2 indicated that a Na-A type zeolite was formed from raw coal fly ash. The SEM (scanning electron microscope) images also showed that a cubic crystal structure of size $1{\sim}3{\mu}m$ was formed on its surface. In the adsorption kinetic analysis, the adsorption of Sr and Cs ions on Z-Y2 fitted the pseudo-second-order kinetic model well, instead of the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. The second-order kinetic rate constant ($k_2$) was determined to be $0.0614g/mmol{\cdot}min$ for Sr and $1.8172g/mmol{\cdot}min$ for Cs. The adsorption equilibria of Sr and Cs ions on Z-Y2 were fitted successfully by Langmuir model. The maximum adsorption capacity ($q_m$) of Sr and Cs was calculated as 1.6846 mmol/g and 1.2055 mmol/g, respectively. The maximum desorption capacity ($q_{dm}$) of the Na ions estimated via the Langmuir desorption model was 2.4196 mmol/g for Sr and 2.1870 mmol/g for Cs. The molar ratio of the desorption/adsorption capacity ($q_{dm}/q_m$) was determined to be 1.44 for Na/Sr and 1.81 for Na/Cs, indicating that the amounts of desorbed Na ions and adsorbed Sr and Cs ions did not yield an equimolar ratio when using Z-Y2.


Supported by : 한국연구재단


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