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ARC SHIFT NUMBER AND REGION ARC SHIFT NUMBER FOR VIRTUAL KNOTS

Gill, Amrendra;Kaur, Kirandeep;Madeti, Prabhakar

  • Received : 2018.09.09
  • Accepted : 2019.02.07
  • Published : 2019.07.01

Abstract

In this paper, we formulate a new local move on virtual knot diagram, called arc shift move. Further, we extend it to another local move called region arc shift defined on a region of a virtual knot diagram. We establish that these arc shift and region arc shift moves are unknotting operations by showing that any virtual knot diagram can be turned into trivial knot using arc shift (region arc shift) moves. Based upon the arc shift move and region arc shift move, we define two virtual knot invariants, arc shift number and region arc shift number respectively.

Keywords

virtual knot;Gauss diagram;forbidden moves