DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Genetic parameters and inbreeding effects for production traits of Thai native chickens

  • Tongsiri, Siriporn (Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit, University of New England) ;
  • Jeyaruban, Gilbert M. (Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit, University of New England) ;
  • Hermesch, Susanne (Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit, University of New England) ;
  • van der Werf, Julius H.J. (School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England) ;
  • Li, Li (Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit, University of New England) ;
  • Chormai, Theerachai (Kabinburi Livestock Research and Breeding Center, Bureau of Animal Husbandry and Genetic Improvement, Department of Livestock Development)
  • Received : 2018.09.12
  • Accepted : 2018.11.29
  • Published : 2019.07.01

Abstract

Objective: Estimate genetic parameters, the rate of inbreeding, and the effect of inbreeding on growth and egg production traits of a Thai native chicken breed Lueng Hang Kao Kabinburi housed under intensive management under a tropical climate. Methods: Genetic parameters were estimated for weight measured at four weekly intervals from body weight at day 1 (BW1D) to body weight at 24 weeks (BW24) of age, as well as weight at first egg, age at first egg (AFE), egg weight at first egg, and total number of eggs (EN) produced during the first 17 weeks of lay using restricted maximum likelihood. Inbreeding depression was estimated using a linear regression of individual phenotype on inbreeding coefficient. Results: Direct additive genetic effect was significant for all traits. Maternal genetic effect and permanent environmental hen effects were significant for all early growth traits, expect for BW24. For BW24, maternal genetic effect was also significant. Permanent environmental hen effect was significant for AFE. Direct heritabilities ranged from 0.10 to 0.47 for growth traits and ranged from 0.15 to 0.16 for egg production traits. Early growth traits had high genetic correlations between them. The EN was lowly negatively correlated with other traits. The average rate of inbreeding for the population was 0.09% per year. Overall, the inbreeding had no effect on body weight traits, except for BW1D. An increase in inbreeding coefficient by 1% reduced BWID by 0.09 g (0.29% of the mean). Conclusion: Improvement in body weight gain can be achieved by selecting for early growth traits. Selection for higher body weight traits is expected to increase the weight of first egg. Due to low but unfavorable correlations with body weight traits, selection on EN needs to be combined with other traits via multi-trait index selection to improve body weight and EN simultaneously.

Keywords

Indigenous Chicken;Heritability;Genetic Correlation;Inbreeding Depression;Tropical Climate

References

  1. Lwelamira J, Kifaro G, Gwakisa P. Genetic parameters for body weights, egg traits and antibody response against Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) vaccine among two Tanzania chicken ecotypes. Trop Anim Health and Prod 2009;41:51-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-008-9153-2 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-008-9153-2
  2. Niknafs S, Nejati-Javaremi A, Mehrabani-Yeganeh H, Fatemi SA. Estimation of genetic parameters for body weight and egg production traits in Mazandaran native chicken. Trop Anim Health Prod 2012;44:1437-43. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-012-0084-6 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-012-0084-6
  3. Niknafs S, Abdi H, Fatemi SA, Zandi MB, Baneh H. Genetic trend and inbreeding coefficients effects for growth and reproductive traits in Mazandaran indigenous chicken. J Biol 2013;3:25-31.
  4. Aghazadeh Bokat M, Alijani S, Janmohammadi H, Raft SA, Alizadeh A, Bostanchi P. Genetic study of egg production trait of Azerbaijan's native chickens by multi-trait and random regression models. Livest Res Rural Dev 2014;26:Article #85.
  5. Bahmanimehr A. Inheritance of important economic traits in chickens under short term selection. Int J Anim Vet Adv 2012;4:109-12.
  6. McNaughton JL, Deaton JW, Reece FN, Haynes RL. Effect of age of parents and hatching egg weight on broiler chick mortality. Poult Sci 1978;57:38-44. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0570038 https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0570038
  7. Koutoulis KC, Perry GC, Lewis PD. Effect of lighting regimen, calcium supply and age at first egg on tibia stiffness and breaking strength, and shell quality in laying hens. Br Poult Sci 1997;39:9-10.
  8. Rahmanian A, Hafezian H, Rahimi GH, Farhadi A, Baneh H. Inbreeding depression for economically important traits of Mazandaran native fowls. Br Poult Sci 2015;56:22-9. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071668.2014.989490 https://doi.org/10.1080/00071668.2014.989490
  9. Wei M, van der Werf JJ. Genetic correlation and heritabilities for purebred and crossbred performance in poultry egg production traits. J Anim Sci 1995;73:2220-6. https://doi.org/10.2527/1995.7382220x
  10. Ahmad M, Singh H, Sharma R. Index selection for genetic improvement of some economic traits in layer chickens. Indian J Poult Sci 2004;39:266-8.
  11. Yenjai D, Sinnak S. A study of raising conditions for native chicken and need for extension on native chicken raising of farmers in Rayong province. Bangkok, Thailand: Department of Livestock Development of Thailand, 2015. Report No.: 58(2)-0216(2)-037.
  12. Flock DK, Ameli H, Glodek P. Inbreeding and heterosis effects on quantitative traits in a White Leghorn population under long-term reciprocal recurrent selection. Br Poult Sci 1991;32:451-62. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669108417370 https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669108417370
  13. Francesch A, Estany J, Alfonso L, Iglesias M. Genetic parameters for egg number, egg weight, and eggshell color in three Catalan poultry breeds. Poult Sci 1997;76:1627-31. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/76.12.1627 https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/76.12.1627
  14. Ghorbani S, Kamali MA, Abbasi MA, Ghafori-Kesbi F. Estimation of maternal effects on some economic traits of north Iranian native fowls using different models. J Agric Sci Technol 2012;14:95-103.
  15. Sang BD, Kong HS, Kim HK, et al. Estimation of genetic parameters for economic traits in Korean native chickens. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2006;19:319-23. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.319 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.319
  16. Dana N, van der Waaij EH, Arendonk JAM. Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates for body weights and egg production in Horro chicken of Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod 2011;43:21-8. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-010-9649-4 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-010-9649-4
  17. El-Labban AM, Iraqi MM, Hanafi MS, Heba AH. Estimation of genetic and non-genetic parameters for egg production traits in local strains of chickens. Livest Res Rural Dev 2011;23:Article #10.
  18. Tier B. Computing inbreeding coefficients quickly. Genet Sel Evol 1990;22:419-30. https://doi.org/10.1186/1297-9686-22-4-419
  19. SAS Institute. Statistical Analysis System. Cary, NC, USA: SAS Institute Inc; 2014.
  20. Meyer K. A tool for mixed model analyses in quantitative genetics by restricted maximum likelihood (REML). Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2007;8:815-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2007.B0815 https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2007.B0815
  21. Boonkum W, Pobwongsa I, Chankitsakul V. Possibility of multiple-trait genetic selection using animal model in Thai indigenous chicken (Pradu Hang Dam and Chee). Khon Kaen Agric J 2014;42(Suppl 1):255-9.
  22. Productivity of Thai native chickens under free range and organic systems. Bangkok, Thailand: Bureau of Animal Husbandry and Genetic Improvement, Department of Livestock Development; 2016.
  23. Mekky SS, Zaky GHI, Zein El-Dein A. Diallel crossing analysis for body weight and egg production traits of two native Egyptian and two exotic chicken breeds. Int J Poult Sci 2008;7:64-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2008.64.71 https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2008.64.71
  24. Prado-Gonzalez EA, Ramirez-Avila L, Segura-Correa JC. Genetic parameters for body weight of Creole chickens from southeastern Mexico using an animal model. Livest Res Rural Dev 2003;15:Article #6.
  25. Na-Rungsri D, Akkahart K, Leotaragul A. Formation of foundation stock of Thai indigenous chicken (Pradu hangdam) 6. Heritability and genetic correlation between body weight and body conformation of Pradu hangdam. Bangkok, Thailand: Department of Livestock Development, 2007. Report No.: 50(2)-0206-210.
  26. Fairfull RW. Heterosis. In: Crawford RD, editor. Poultry breeding and genetics. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier Science Press; 1990. p. 913-34.