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Inhibitory effects of dietary antioxidants on the formation of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in grilled pork

Wongmaneepratip, Wanwisa;Jom, Kriskamol Na;Vangnai, Kanithaporn

  • Received : 2018.10.25
  • Accepted : 2019.01.08
  • Published : 2019.08.01

Abstract

Objective: The inhibitory effects of dietary antioxidants, diallyl disulfide (DADS) and quercetin, in marinade were investigated on the formation of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (EPA priority 16 PAHs) in grilled pork. Methods: The formation of PAHs in grilled sirloin pork with different marinades after charcoal-grilling for 2 min/side were evaluated using high performance liquid chromatography with a photodiode array detector (HPLC-DAD). Results: Compared with the control marinade treatment (without antioxidant), the addition of DADS (500 mg/kg meat sample) in marinade significantly decreased benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) (100%) and heavy PAHs (84%) in charcoal-grilled pork, while the addition of quercetin at the same concentration could reduce 23% and 55% of BaP and heavy PAHs, respectively. Conclusion: The results of this study suggested that the addition of DADS in the marinade could be important in decreasing the levels of PAHs in grilled meat.

Keywords

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs);Grilled Pork;Marinade;Antioxidant;Quercetin;Diallyl Disulfide

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Kasetsart University