- Volume 32 Issue 8
DOI QR Code
Effects of dietary levels of tapioca residue on growth performance and carcass characteristics in Hanwoo steers
- Park, Byung Ki (Nonghyup Feed Co., LTD) ;
- Lee, Dong Kyo (Nonghyup Feed Co., LTD) ;
- Ahn, Jun Sang (Hanwoo Research Institute, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
- Park, Joong Kook (Nonghyup Feed Co., LTD) ;
- Kim, Min Ji (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
- Son, Gi Hwal (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
- Shin, Jong Suh (College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University)
- Received : 2018.10.08
- Accepted : 2018.12.27
- Published : 2019.08.01
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary levels of tapioca residue on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat composition in Hanwoo steers. Methods: Twenty-eight steers were randomly assigned to one of four dietary groups; T0 (0% tapioca residue), T6.7 (6.7% tapioca residue), T9 (9% tapioca residue), and T12 (12% tapioca residue). Results: Supplementation with tapioca residue had no effect on overall growth performance. The concentration of plasma total cholesterol was higher in T6.7 than in other treatments (p<0.05). Dietary levels of tapioca residue did not affect carcass yield or the quality traits of Hanwoo steers. The lightness, redness, and yellowness of the longissimus muscle of Hanwoo steers were higher in T6.7 than in other treatments (p<0.05). Cohesiveness, gumminess, chewiness, and resilience were lower in T6.7 than in other treatments (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results of the present study indicate that supplementation with tapioca residue does not exert any negative effects on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat composition in Hanwoo steers. However, as the dietary level of tapioca residue increased, the intake of concentrate intake decreased, and tapioca supplementation greater than 6.7% did not substantially improved the marbling score.
Supported by : National Institute of Animal Science
- Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. 2016. Agriculture, food and rural affairs statistics yearbook. Sejong, Korea: MAFRA; 2016.
- Chanjula P, Ngampongsai W, Wanapat, M. Effects of replacing ground corn with cassava chip in concentrate on feed intake, nutrient utilization, rumen fermentation characteristics and microbial populations in goats. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2007;20:1557-66. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2007.1557 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2007.1557
- Irekhore OT, Bamgbose AM, Olubadewa GA. Utilization of cassava peel meal as energy source for growing pigs. J Anim Vet Adv 2006;5:849-51.
- Enriquez FQ, Ross E. Cassava root meal in grower and layer diets. Poult Sci 1972;51:228-32. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0510228 https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0510228
- Vearsilp T, Mikled C. Site and extent of cassava starch digestion in ruminants. In: International Workshop on Current Research and Development on Use of Cassava as Animal Feed. Khon kaen, Thailand: Khon Kaen University; 2001.
- Muller Z, Chou KC, Nah KC. Cassava as a total substitute for cereals in livestock and poultry rations. In: Proceedings of the 1974 Tropical Products Institute Conference; 1975 April 1-5: London, UK. Tropical Products Institute Conference; 1975. pp. 85-95.
- Zinn RA, DePeters EJ. Comparative feeding value of tapioca pellets for feedlot cattle. J Anim Sci 1991;69:4726-33. https://doi.org/10.2527/1991.69124726x
- Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Official methods of analysis. 15th ed. Washington, DC, USA: AOAC International; 1995.
- Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs [MAFRA]. 2017 Grade rule for cattle carcass in Korea. Sejong, Korea: Korea Ministry of Government Legislation [cited 2017 Nov 30]. Available from: http://www.law.go.kr/main.htm
- Hofmann AW, White WM. Mantle plumes from ancient oceanic crust. Earth Planet Sci Lett 1982;57:421-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(82)90161-3 https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(82)90161-3
- Kim D, Gil J, Kim HJ, et al. Changes in meat quality and natural di-peptides in the loin and ham cuts of Korean native black pigs during cold storage. Korean J Life Sci 2013;23:1477-85. https://doi.org/10.5352/JLS.2013.23.12.1477 https://doi.org/10.5352/JLS.2013.23.12.1477
- Witte VC, Krause GF, Bailey ME. A new extraction method for determining 2-thiobarbituric acid values of pork and beef during storage. J Food Sci 1970;35:582-5. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1970.tb04815.x https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1970.tb04815.x
- SAS Institute Inc. SAS 9.1.3. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA; 2005.
- Garcia M, Dale N. Cassava root meal for poultry. J Appl Poult Res 1999;8:132-7. https://doi.org/10.1093/japr/8.1.132 https://doi.org/10.1093/japr/8.1.132
- Holzer Z, Aharoni Y, Lubimov V, Brosh A. The feasibility of replacement of grain by tapioca in diets for growing-fattening cattle. Anim Feed Sci Technol 1997;64:133-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8401(96)01054-1 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8401(96)01054-1
- Etman KEI, Soliman IM, Abou-Selim IAS, Soliman AA. Cassava (Manihot esculenta, crantz.) in rations of buffaloes: E. Effect of partial replacement of yellow corn by cassava pellets in rations of growing buffaloes calves. Prospects of buffalo production in the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Cairo, Egypt. Wageningen; 1993.
- Sommart K, Wanapat M, Rowlinson P, Parker DS, Climee P, Panishying S. The use of cassava chips as an energy source for lactating dairy cows fed with rice straw. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 2000;13:1094-101. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.1094 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.1094
- Adebowale AA, Sanni LO, Onitilo, MO. Chemical composition and pasting properties of tapioca grits from different cassava varieties and roasting methods. Afr J Food Sci 2008;2:77-82.
- Wheeler TL, Davis GW, Stoecker BJ, Harmon CJ. Cholesterol concentration of longissimus muscle, subcutaneous fat and serum of two beef cattle breed types. J Anim Sci 1987;65:1531-7. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1987.6561531x https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1987.6561531x
- Arave CW, Miller RH, Lamb RC. Genetic and environmental effects on serum cholesterol of dairy cattle of various ages. J Dairy Sci 1975;58:423-7. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(75)84582-6 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(75)84582-6
- Beever DE. The impact of controlled nutrition during the dry period on dairy cow health, fertility and performance. Anim Reprod Sci 2006;96:212-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2006.08.002 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2006.08.002
- Lafontan M. Inhibition of epinephrine-induced lipolysis in isolated white adipocytes of aging rabbits by increased alphaadrenergic responsiveness. J Lipid Res 1979;20:208-16.
- Cho HU. Hematological and biochemical analysis of Korean indigenous cattle according to the ages [master's thesis]. Jeonju, Korea: Chonbuk National University; 2010
- Korea Institute for Animal Products Quality Evaluation. 2017 Animal Products Grading Statistical Yearbook. Sejong, Korea: Korea Institute for Animal Products Quality Evaluation; 2017. Report No.: 11-B552679-000006-10
- Lee JM, Park BY, Cho SH, et al. Analysis of carcass quality grade components and chemicophysical and sensory traits of M. longissimus dorsi in Hanwoo. J Anim Sci Technol 2004;46:833-40. https://doi.org/10.5187/JAST.2004.46.5.833 https://doi.org/10.5187/JAST.2004.46.5.833
- Chin KB, Go MY, Lee HC, Chung SK, Baik KH, Choi CB. Physicochemical properties and tenderness of Hanwoo loin and round as affected by raising period and marbling score. Korean J Food Sci An 2012:32:842-8. https://doi.org/10.5851/kosfa.2012.32.6.842 https://doi.org/10.5851/kosfa.2012.32.6.842
- Wulf DM, Page JK. Using measurements of muscle color, pH, and electrical impedance to augment the current USDA beef quality grading standards and improve the accuracy and precision of sorting carcasses into palatability groups. J Anim Sci 2000;78:2595-607. https://doi.org/10.2527/2000.78102595x https://doi.org/10.2527/2000.78102595x
- Chang J, Hansen MC, Pittman K, Carroll M, DiMiceli C. Corn and soybean mapping in the United States using MODIS timeseries data sets. Agron J 2007;99:1654-64. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2007.0170
- Lee JM, Choe JH, Lee HK, et al. Effect of quality grades on carcass characteristics, physico-chemical and sensory traits of longissimus dorsi in Hanwoo. Korean J Food Sci An 2010;30:495-503. https://doi.org/10.5851/kosfa.2010.30.3.495 https://doi.org/10.5851/kosfa.2010.30.3.495
- Laster MA, Smith RD, Nicholson KL, et al. Dry versus wet aging of beef: Retail cutting yields and consumer sensory attribute evaluations of steaks from rib eyes, strip loins, and top sirloins from two quality grade groups. Meat Sci 2008;80:795-804. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2008.03.024 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2008.03.024
- Obuz E, Dikeman ME, Grobbel JP, Stephens JW, Loughin TM. Beef longissimus lumborum, biceps femoris, and deep pectoralis Warner-Bratzler shear force is affected differently by endpoint temperature, cooking method, and USDA quality grade. Meat Sci 2004;68:243-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2004.03.003 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2004.03.003