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Hydraulic Stability Examination of Rainwater Reservoir Pipe Network System on Various Inflow Conditions

유입량 변화에 따른 도심지 내 우수저류조 관망시스템의 안정성 검토

  • Yoo, Hyung Ju (Department of Civil Engineering, Hongik University) ;
  • Kim, Dong Hyun (Department of Civil Engineering, Hongik University) ;
  • Maeng, Seung Jin (Department of Agricultural and Rural Engineering, Chungbuk University) ;
  • Lee, Seung Oh (Department of Civil Engineering, Hongik University)
  • 유형주 (홍익대학교 토목공학과) ;
  • 김동현 (홍익대학교 토목공학과) ;
  • 맹승진 (충북대학교 지역건설공학과) ;
  • 이승오 (홍익대학교 토목공학과)
  • Received : 2019.11.10
  • Accepted : 2019.12.12
  • Published : 2019.12.31

Abstract

Recently, as the occurrence frequency of sudden floods due to climate change increased, it is necessary to install the facilities that can cope with the initial stormwater. Most researches have been conducted on the design of facilities applying the Low Impact Development (LID) and the reduction effect on rainfall runoff to examine with 1D or 2D numerical models. However, the studies on the examination about flow characteristics and stability of pipe network systems were relatively insufficient in the literature. In this study, the stability of the pipe network system in rainwater storage tank was examined by using 3D numerical model, FLOW-3D. The changes of velocity and dynamic pressure were examined according to the number of rainwater storage tank and compared with the design criteria to derive the optimal design plan for a rainwater storage tank. As a results of numerical simulation with the design values in the previous study, it was confirmed that the velocity became increased as the number of rainwater storage tank increased. And magnitude of the velocity in pipes was formed within the design criteria. However, the velocity in the additional rainwater storage pipe was about 3.44 m/s exceeding the allowable range of the design criteria, when three or more additional rainwater storage tanks were installed. In the case of turbulence intensity and bottom shear stress, the bottom shear stress was larger than the critical shear stress as the additional rainwater storage was increased. So, the deposition of sediment was unlikely to occur, but it should be considered that the floc was formed by the reduction of the turbulence intensity. In addition, the dynamic pressure was also satisfied with the design criteria when the results were compared with the allowable internal pressure of the pipes generally used in the design of rainwater storage tank. Based on these results, it was suitable to install up to two additional rainwater storage tanks because the drainage becomes well when increasing of the number of storage tank and the velocity in the pipe becomes faster to be vulnerable to damage the pipe. However, this study has a assumption about the specifications of the rainwater storage tanks and the inflow of stormwater and has a limitation such that deriving the suitable rainwater storage tank design by simply adding the storage tank. Therefore, the various storage tank types and stormwater inflow scenarios will be asked to derive more efficient design plans in the future.

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