Figure 1. Stock development and scenario from 1900-2050;Source: ILEK based on (Krausmann et al., 2017).
Figure 2. Stuttgart SmartShell movement of bearings; Source: ILEK, Gabriele Metzger.
Figure 3. Energy consumption behavior for active and passive design; Based on: Senatore et al., 2018.
Figure 4. Experimental High-Rise Building, Picture of Mock-up.
Figure 5. Different actuation concepts (a) parallel (b) serial;Source: ISYS.
Figure 7. Adaptive frame, a full-scale prototype; Left: Visualization with adaptive elements (blue) Source: IKTD/ILEK;Right: Photography of frame at ILEK platform Source: ILEK.
Figure 6. Effects of actuation on the passive elements (a) parallel (b) serial.
Figure 8. Test results of the prototype frame for active column and passive diagonal, comparison measurements and simulations.
Table 1. Implied actuation forces for the load cases 1-5