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The Effects of Multimodal Cognitive Intervention Focused on Instrumental Activities of Daily Living(IADL) for the elderly with High-risk of Dementia : a Pilot Study

도구적 일상생활에 초점을 둔 복합인지중재 프로그램이 치매고위험군 노인에게 미치는 영향 : 예비연구

  • 박경영 (중원대학교 작업치료학과) ;
  • 신수정 (중원대학교 작업치료학과)
  • Received : 2019.03.27
  • Accepted : 2019.05.20
  • Published : 2019.05.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the multimodal cognitive intervention focusing on instrumental daily life on the cognitive function, depression and quality of life of the elderly with high-risk of dementia. This study was conducted on 24 elderly people with high-risk of dementia who participated in cognitive rehabilitation program from March to June, 2018 in Chungbuk A region. The intervention was applied to cognitive training and creative activities related to instrumental daily life. MMSE-DS, Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaire, Short Geriatric Depression Scale-Korean version and Geriatric quality of life - Dementia were performed before and after the intervention. We confirmed that the subjects showed significant improvement in Subjective Memory Complaints and Quality of Life, but showed no significant changes in cognitive function and depression after the intervention program. Through this study, it was confirmed that this program which can affect the real life of the elderly can be usefully applied in the community. In the future, it will be necessary to develop a program that utilizes more diverse instrumental activities of daily living.

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Fig. 1. Process of Study

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Fig. 2. Process of Multimodal intervention

Table 1. Contents of multimodal intervention focused on instrumental activities of Daily living

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Table 2. General characteristics of participants

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Table 3. Comparison of effects of multimodal cognitive intervention program

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