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The Effects of Stress on Depression and Quality of Life in Cancer Survivors : Focusing on the Moderating Effects of Posttraumatic Growth

암생존자의 스트레스가 우울과 삶의 질에 미치는 영향: 외상 후 성장의 조절효과를 중심으로

  • Lim, Soo-Youp (Department of Child Welfare, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Yeong-Hee (Department of Child Welfare, Chungbuk National University)
  • 임수업 (충북대학교 아동복지학과) ;
  • 김영희 (충북대학교 아동복지학과)
  • Received : 2019.03.18
  • Accepted : 2019.05.20
  • Published : 2019.05.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore whether posttraumatic growth moderates the effects of stress on depression and quality of life in cancer survivors. Data were collected from 173 cancer survivors in Seoul, Gyeonggi, Chungcheong, and Jeolla provinces. We used hierarchical regression to analyze the data. As the results, first, the interaction of stress and posttraumatic growth affected depression and quality of life. It means that even though the levels of stress are high when the levels of posttraumatic growth are high, the levels of depression are lower and the levels of quality of life are higher than posttraumatic growth being low. Second, the interaction of stress and posttraumatic growth affected two sub-factors of quality of life. We discussed the interventions to reduce depression and to increase quality of life.

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Fig. 1. Moderating effects of posttraumatic growth on Depression

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Fig. 2. Moderating effect of posttraumatic growth on emotional quality of life

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Fig. 3. Moderating effect of posttraumatic growth on functional quality of life

Table 1. General characteristics

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Table 2. Correlations among study variables

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Table 3. Hierarchical regression for moderating effect of posttraumatic growth on depression

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Table 4. Hierarchical regression for moderating effect of posttraumatic growth on emotional quality of life

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Table 5. Hierarchical regression for moderating effect of posttraumatic growth on functional quality of life

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