The Differences of Perceived Parenting Attitude and Academic Stress on Smartphone Addiction according to the Classification of Addiction-risk Group among Middle School Students

스마트폰 중독 분류군 별에 따른 중학생이 지각한 부모의 양육태도와 학업스트레스 차이

  • Oh, Yun-Jung (Department of Nursing, Keimyung College University) ;
  • Kim, Hyang-Dong (Department of Nursing, Keimyung College University)
  • 오윤정 (계명문화대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 김향동 (계명문화대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2019.03.08
  • Accepted : 2019.05.20
  • Published : 2019.05.28


This study investigated the differences of perceived parenting attitude and academic stress on smartphone addiction according to the classification of addiction-risk group among middle school students. A descriptive research design was used. The subjects were 358 middle school students from five middle school in Daegu. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, ${\chi}^2$ test, t-test, and stepwise multiple regression using SPSS 18.0. Smartphone addiction-risk group was 97(27.0%) and general group was 261(72.9%). Smartphone addiction-risk group was more negatively perceived parenting attitude and higher academic stress than the general group. The most influential factors on addiction-risk group was using time in a day(${\beta}=.29.4$, p=.003) and general group was academic stress(${\beta}=.298$, p=.000). It is important to develop an intervention program to prevention the smartphone addiction according to the classification of addiction-risk group.

Table 1. The Degree of Smartphone Addiction

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Table 2. Difference of Smartphone Addiction according to General Characteristics

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Table 3. Difference of Parenting Attitude and Academic Stress according to Smartphone Addiction

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Table 4. Factors influencing Smartphone Addiction

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