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Use of Fish Oil Nanoencapsulated with Gum Arabic Carrier in Low Fat Probiotic Fermented Milk

  • Moghadam, Farideh Vahid (Department of Food Science and Technology, Sabzevar Branch, Islamic Azad University) ;
  • Pourahmad, Rezvan (Department of Food Science and Technology, College of Agriculture, VaraminPishva Branch, Islamic Azad University) ;
  • Mortazavi, Ali (Department of Food Science and Technology, Sabzevar Branch, Islamic Azad University) ;
  • Davoodi, Daryoush (Nanotechnology Department, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)) ;
  • Azizinezhad, Reza (Department of Biotechnology and Plant Breeding, College of Agricultural Sciences and Food Industries, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University)
  • Received : 2019.02.08
  • Accepted : 2019.03.29
  • Published : 2019.04.30

Abstract

Fish oil consists of omega-3 fatty acids which play an important role in human health. Its susceptibility to oxidation causes considerable degradation during the processing and storage of food products. Accordingly, encapsulation of this ingredient through freeze drying was studied with the aim of protecting it against environmental conditions. Gum arabic (GA) was used as the wall material for fish oil nanoencapsulation where tween 80 was applied as the emulsifier. A water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion was prepared by sonication, containing 6% fish oil dispersed in aqueous solutions including 20% and 25% total wall material. The emulsion was sonicated at 24 kHz for 120 s. The emulsion was then freeze-dried and the nanocapsules were incorporated into probiotic fermented milk, with the effects of nanocapsules examined on the milk. The results showed that the nanoparticles encapsulated with 25% gum arabic and 4% emulsifier had the highest encapsulation efficiency (EE) (87.17%) and the lowest surface oil (31.66 mg/100 kg). Using nanoencapsulated fish oil in fermented milk significantly (p<0.05) increased the viability of Lactobacillus plantarum as well as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) contents. The fermented milk sample containing fish oil nanoencapsulated with 25% wall material and 4% emulsifier yielded the greatest probiotic bacterial count (8.41 Log CFU/mL) and the lowest peroxide value (0.57 mEq/kg). Moreover, this sample had the highest EPA and DHA contents. Utilizing this nanoencapsulated fish oil did not adversely affect fermented milk overall acceptance. Therefore, it can be used for fortification of low fat probiotic fermented milk.

Keywords

fermented milk;fish oil;nanoencapsulation;probiotic

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