The Performance Analysis of Container Terminals in Vietnam using DEA-Malmquist

NGUYEN, Dai Duong;Park, Gyei-Kark;Choi, Kyoung-Hoon

  • Received : 2019.05.06
  • Accepted : 2019.04.29
  • Published : 2019.04.30


Seaports play a vital role in the economic development of countries, especially for countries having long coastlines such as Vietnam Seaport industry in Vietnam has witnessed an impressive development in recent years. The national cargo throughput in the period 2013-2017 achieved a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.8%/year, higher than that of the world (5.1%). However, the differences in planning policies and infrastructure systems has led to the differences in port performance efficiency of regional ports. Therefore, it is necessary to have a general and accurate view of the picture of Vietnam's seaport. The objective of this study was to analyze the relative efficiencies of 26 Vietnam container terminals using traditional output-oriented CCR and BCC DEA model. Malmquist P roductivity Index (MP I) was also applied to evaluate changes in container terminals productivity over time.


Vietnam Container Terminal;Efficiency;Data Envelopment Analysis(DEA);Malmquist Productivity Index(MPI)