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Behavior Analysis of Discharged DIC Concentrated Seawater through Towed Pipe Injection from Ship

Kwon, Seong-Min;Kim, Kang-Min;Song, Hyeon-Woo;Lee, Joong-Woo

  • Received : 2019.02.20
  • Accepted : 2019.04.26
  • Published : 2019.04.30

Abstract

Climate change is a very vital issue that can be no longer avoided. Korea has been a top-level country Iin dealing with carbon dioxide emissions since 1960. Many studies have been conducted to suppress or eliminate carbon dioxide emissions, which account for a large portion of greenhouse gases. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), the most practical method of them, plays a significant role. However, these methods have the disadvantage of the limits of geographical distribution and high possibility of re-emission into the atmosphere. Recently, ocean storage has been studied using Accelerated Weathering of Limestone (AWL), a technique for storing carbon dioxide in the ocean as an alternative to CCS, an underground storage. AWL is a method of converting carbon dioxide into concentrated water in the form of bicarbonate ion and discharging it to the ocean to dilute and store it. It does not cause re-emission to the atmosphere, and the discharged concentrated water increases the alkalinity of the ocean to prevent marine acidification. The objective of this study was to understand the behavior of DIC (Dissolved Inorganic Carbon) including carbon dioxide during the ocean discharge of bicarbonate ion concentrated water in AWL method. This study area was set near Ulleung-do where sufficient water depth and operational efficiency were secured. CORMIX model was used to calculate the material diffusion by submerged discharge using ship.

Keywords

Climate Change;CCS (Carbon Capture & Storage);Ocean Storage;CO2;CORMIX Model;AWL (Accelerated Weathering of Limestone);Submerged Discharge;DIC (Dissolved Inorganic Carbonate);Bicarbonate-ion