Fig. 1. Landscape of technologies related to two medicinal plants based on the IPP model of magnolia-vine (A) and balloon flower (B).
Fig. 2. IPE model landscape of the potential for technology development based on magnolia-vine (A) and balloon flower (B).
Fig. 3. The graph shows the distribution of technologicallevels and market power based on the CPP and PFSindices for the 12 medicinal plants.
Fig. 4. Radar chart of the relative Likert scale [0 (lowest) to 5 (highest)] with three technical factors (i.e., blank technology, entry barrier, and future growth).
Table 1. Classification of effective patents between 12 medicinal plants and 10 country groups.
Table 2. Classification of the number of patents, patent impact index (PII), and technology strength (TS) index in two intervals for the 12medicinal plants.