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Physicochemical Properties of the Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) in Jindo Korea

진도산 울금(Curcuma longa L.)의 이화학적 특성

  • Oh, Da-Young (Department of Food Science and Technology, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Han-Soo (Department of Food Science and Technology, Pusan National University)
  • 오다영 (부산대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 김한수 (부산대학교 식품공학과)
  • Received : 2019.01.26
  • Accepted : 2019.03.06
  • Published : 2019.04.30

Abstract

Studies on the physicochemical properties of physiological activity substance in turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) were analyzed for the use as an functional food materialization. The proximate compositions in the vacuum freeze dried turmeric were carbohydrate 72.90%, moisture 5.74%, crude protein 10.02%, crude fat 4.67%, and crude ash 6.69%, respectively. The mineral contents of turmeric were calcium (Ca) $2,294.77mg\;kg^{-1}$, potassium (K) $28,780.54mg\;kg^{-1}$, magnesium (Mg) $2,826.90mg\;kg^{-1}$, sodium (Na) $1,826.58mg\;kg^{-1}$, iron (Fe) $190.94mg\;kg^{-1}$, and manganese (Mn) $620.16mg\;kg^{-1}$. The vitamin contents of turmeric were pantothenic acid 1.040 mg/100 g, riboflavin 0.166 mg/100 g, thiamin 0.148 mg/100 g, pyridoxine 0.010 mg/100 g, and calciferol 0.008 mg/100 g, respectively. Total amino acid contents in protein of turmeric were 7.66 g%, and major amino acids were aspartic acid 1.45 g%, glutamic acid 1.07 g%, leucine 0.71 g%, phenylalanine 0.47 g%, and arginine 0.46 g%, respectively. The amount of free amino acids of turmeric were 225.81 mg%, and major free amino acids were asparagine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, serine, and alanine. Especially, in the case of asparagine, it was highest. The compositions of fatty acid were saturated fatty acid 45.09%, monoenes 8.62%, and polyenes 46.30%.

Keywords

Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.);Mineral;Vitamin;Amino acids;Fatty acid compositions

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