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Subjectivity toward Nursing Homes as Perceived by Undergraduate Nursing Students: Q Methodology Study

간호대학생이 인지한 노인요양시설에 대한 주관성: Q 방법론적 연구

  • Received : 2018.03.25
  • Accepted : 2019.04.23
  • Published : 2019.04.29

Abstract

Purpose: Nursing homes are a type of residential care that provide diverse services such as planned activities, convalescent care, skilled nursing and memory care. Nursing homes are good facilities for old people with dementia to improve their quality of life. On the other hand, the subjectivity toward nursing homes can vary to greater or lesser degrees. The purpose of this study was to identify the subjective attitudes and viewpoints toward nursing homes in undergraduate nursing students. Methods: The Q methodology, which is a research method to study the people's subjectivity, was used. The 40 Q-statements selected from each of 43 participants were classified into the shape of a normal distribution. The data collected were analyzed using the QUANL program. Results: Three types of subjectivity toward nursing homes emerged: 'Type I, in terms of usage of nursing homes-hesitative perspectives;', 'Type II, in terms of running of nursing homes-progressive perspectives;', and 'Type III, in terms of admission to nursing homes-constructive perspectives'. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that nursing intervention programs should be developed for the three types. The study results will lead to further research.

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Figure 1. The Practical Steps in Q-methodology

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Figure 2. Sample of Completed Q-Sort Table

Table 1. General Characteristics of Subjects

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Table 2. Types, Eigenvalues, and Demographic Characteristics for P-sample

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