Relations between Exercise Self-Schema and Temptation of Quitting Exercise according to the Stages of Exercise Change among Participants in Sports for All

생활체육참여자의 운동변화단계에 따른 운동자기도식과 운동중단유혹의 관계

Song, Ki-Hyun;Lim, Hyun-Muk;Kim, Seung-Yong

  • Received : 2019.02.19
  • Accepted : 2019.04.20
  • Published : 2019.04.28


The purpose of this study was to analyze relations among the stages of exercise change, exercise self-schema, and temptation of quitting exercise to figure out changes to the exercise behavior according to a psychological process. For this purpose, the study used total 297 questionnaires from adults using a public sports center. Collected data was treated with the SPSS 18.0 program, being put to the test through exploratory factor analysis, MANOVA, multiple regression analysis, and discriminant analysis. The findings were as follows: first, there were differences in exercise self-schema according to the stages of exercise change; second, there were differences in the temptation of quitting exercise between coaches and burnout according to the stages of exercise change; third, behavioral self-schema and burnout were major factors to distinguish the stages of exercise change; and finally, exercise self-schema had negative effects on burnout, and cognitive-emotional self-schema had negative effects on affect.


Stage of Exercise Change;Exercise Self-Schema;Temptation of Quit Exercise;Life Time Sports;Exercise Behavior


  1. B. H. Marcus, L. R. Simkin, J. S. Rossi & B. M. Pinto. (1996). Longitudinal Shifts in employee's Stage of Exercise Behavior Change. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 63(1), 60-66.
  2. R. K. Dishman. (1991). Increasing and maintaining exercise and physical activity. Behavior Therapy, 22, 345-378.
  3. C. I. Mun, J. I. Yoo & J. Y. Jang. (2011). The Comparison of Physical Self-Concept, Exercise Motivation, Exercise Emotion Experience According to Exercise Behavior Stage in Swimming Participants. Journal of the Korean Society for Wellness, 6(2), 225-238.
  4. H. S. Moon. (2012). The difference of Exercise De-motivation According to the Stage of Exercise Behavior in Women in Their Twenties. Korean Association of Physical Education and Sport for Girl and Women, 26(1), 191-201.
  5. S. W. Cha & Y. K. Kim. (2015). The Relationships between Morality and Behavioral Regulation of the School Sports Club Participants by the Exercise Behavior Change. Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, 61, 37-47.
  6. H. G. Lee. (2013). Verification of disparity on College Students' Self-esteem and Quality of Life Pertaining to Physical and Mental Health in Line with Stages of Change in Physical Activities. Korean Journal of Sports Science, 22(6), 605-614.
  7. K. Glanz, F. M. Lewis & B. K. Rimer. (1997). Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research and Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Publishers.
  8. B. J. Kim. (2006). Exercise Psychology. Seoul: Rainbowbooks.
  9. H. Y. Lee & H. J. Oh. (2016). A Study of Meaning in Life and Subjective Happiness by Exercise Behavior and Learned Resourcefulness in Exercise. Korean Journal of Physical Education, 55(1), 235-245.
  10. H. S. Lee & Y. H. So. (2016). Analysis of Stages of Change for Exercise Behavior, BMI, Physical Activity Level, and Outcome Expectations in the University Students. Journal of Korean Society for the Study of Physical Education, 21(1), 165-147.
  11. Y. G. Lee & Y. J. Yoon. (2015). A Study on the Relation of Stage of Exercise Behavior Change and Physical Self-Efficacy, Gratitude, Psychological Well-being for Young Children's Parents. Korean Society of Sport Psychology, 26(1), 73-88.
  12. W. C. Kim. (2015). Influence of Exercise Self Efficacy and Perceived Health Status According to the Stage of Change for Exercise Behaviors in Older Adults. Journal of Digital Convergence, 13(11), 549-559.
  13. M. Audiffren & Andre, N. (2014). The Strength Model of Self-Control Revisited: Linking Acute and Chronic Effects of Exercise on Executive Functions. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 4(1), 30-46.
  14. Y. S. Shim & M. J. Shin. (2013). The Effect of Perceived Behavioral Control Effects on Exercise Participation according to the Level of Exercise Constraints. Korean Society of Sport Psychology, 24(3), 53-63.
  15. J. H. Hong & H. Y. Lee. (2007). Development of the Scale temptation to not exercise in korea. Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, 18(4), 135-148.
  16. H. M. Lim & J. Y. Huh. (2010). Relationship between Stage of Change Behavioral Regulation and Temptation of Quit Exercise in Participants of Life Time Sports. Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, 42(2), 1465-1480.
  17. I. S. Jang & Y. J. Kim. (2015). The Level of Body Perception, Obesity, and Factors Associated with Stages of Exercise and Dietary Habits Change in University Students. The Journal of Muscle and Joint Health, 22(3), 167-176.
  18. D. Kendzierski, R. M. Furr & J. Schiavoni. (1988). Physical activity self-definitions: Correlates and perceived criteria. Journal of Sport and Psychology, 20, 176-193.
  19. Z. Yin & M. P. Boyd. (2000). Behavioral and cognitive Correlates of exercise self-schemata. The Journal of Psychology, 134, 269-282.
  20. I. K. Park & Y. H. Kim (2013). College students' stage of change, exercise self-schemata, and exercise adherence intention related to weekly exercise time. Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, 24(2), 89-102.
  21. H. Markus. (1977). Self-schemata and Processing Information about the Self. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 63-78.
  22. W. J. Burroughs & D. R. Drews. (1991). Rule structure in the psychological representation of physical settings. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 27, 217-238.
  23. W. B. Jr. Swann. (1985). The Self as Architect of Social Reality. In B. Schlenker (Ed.), The Self and Social Life (pp, 100-125). New York: McGraw-Hill.
  24. P. Estabrooks & K. S. Couneya. (1997). Relationship among Self-schema, Intention, and Exercise Behavior. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 19, 156-168.
  25. D. E. Whaley & V. Ebbeck. (2002). Self-Schemata and Exercise Identity in Older Adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 10, 245-259.
  26. M. R. Lee & I. K. Park. (2018). An Empirical Approach to the Influence Factor of Exercise Self-Schema. Korean Society of Sport Psychology, 29(1), 43-55.
  27. I. K. Park. (2011). An Empirical Approach to the Nature of Exercise Self-schemata. Korean Journal of Physical Education, 50(6), 235-247.
  28. B. H. Marcus, J. S. Rossi, V. C. Selby, R. S. Niaura & D. B. Abrams. (1992). The stage and processes of exercise adoption and maintenance in a worksite sample. Health Psychology, 11, 386-395.
  29. Y. H. Kim. (2004). Psychological Variables Influencing the Stages of Change for Exercise Behavior among the University Students. Korean Society of Sport Psychology, 15(4), 33-49.
  30. I .K. Park & S. H. Park. (2012). Development and Validation of Exercise Self-Schemata Scale. Korean Society of Sport Psychology, 23(2), 41-55.
  31. A. J. Rothman. (2000). Toward a theory-based analysis of behavioral maintenance. Health Psychology, 19, 64-69.
  32. H. I. Cho. (2015). Relationship among Exercise Self-Schemata, Self-management and Intention to Continuance of Running Enthusiasts. Korean Journal of Sports Science, 24(1), 415-428.
  33. E. C. Shin. (2016). Structural Relationships on Exercise Adherence of between Subjective Exercise Experience and Exercise Self-schemata in Participants of Life Time Sports. Korean Journal of Sports Science,25(3), 543-555.
  34. J. E. Martin & P. M. Dubbert. (1984). Behavioral management strategies for Improving Health and Fitness. Journal of Cardiac Rehabilitation, 200-208.
  35. S. E. Taylor. (1991). Asymmetrical Effects of Positive and Negative Events. Psychological Bulletin, 110, 67-85.
  36. L. Stopa & A. Waters. (2005). The Effect of Mood on Responses to the Young Schema Questionnaire. Research and Practice, 78, 45-57.
  37. C. Coret & K. F. Stein. (2005). Body-weight Self-schema: Determinant of Mood and Behavior in Women with an Eating Disorder. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35, 1698-1718.
  38. H. W. Marsh. (1989). Age and Effects in Multiple Dimensions of Self-concept Preadolescence to Early Adulthood. Journal of Educational Psychology, 81(3), 417-430.
  39. S. D. Jang, B. J. Kim & Y. H. Kim. (2016). Habitual Exercisers' Perceptions of Stages of Exercise Behavior Change. Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, 66, 329-342.
  40. I. S. Kim. (2016). The Causal Relations among Exercise Self-schema, Implicit Beliefs, Cognition Appraisal and Performance of Physical Activities in Children. Korean Society for the Study of Physical Education, 21(3), 127-141.


Supported by : Dong-A University