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An Analysis on the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of the US -Focusing on the Contents of Library and Information Services

미국의 초중등교육법 분석: 문헌정보 서비스 내용을 중심으로

  • Received : 2019.02.18
  • Accepted : 2019.03.19
  • Published : 2019.03.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the Elementary and Secondary Education Act(ESEA) of the U.S. reauthorized by the Every Student Succeeds Act in 2015 from the viewpoint of the library and information services, and to derive implications for improving the library and information services. For the first time, ESEA includes effective school library programs and school librarians, and links school library programs and school librarians with literacy, digital literacy, books, resources, up-to-date materials, technology, library services and educational services. It provides a financial and institutional base for library and information services in elementary and secondary schools of the US to be more conducted. In addition, school librarians are required to participate in personalized learning experiences, evidence-based assessments, and professional development in the law, so school librarians must provide library and information services to students, staff, and parents in order to improve student achievement and digital literacy. Based on these analyses, this study discussed strengthening access to the school library, specifying the work of the teacher-librarian's library and information services, strengthening collaboration with school members, educational activities based on evidence base, sharing educational effects and developing of library and information curriculum.

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