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Dry reforming of Propane to Syngas over Ni-CeO2/γ-Al2O3 Catalysts in a Packed-bed Plasma Reactor

충전층 플라즈마 반응기에서 Ni-CeO2/γ-Al2O3 촉매를 이용한 프로페인-합성 가스 건식 개질

Sultana, Lamia;Rahman, Md. Shahinur;Sudhakaran, M.S.P.;Hossain, Md. Mokter;Mok, Young Sun
라미아 술타나;Md. 샤히누르 라만;M.S.P. 수드하카란;Md. 목터 호세인;목영선

  • Received : 2018.08.04
  • Accepted : 2018.11.13
  • Published : 2019.03.30

Abstract

A dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma reactor packed with $Ni-CeO_2/{\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ catalyst was used for the dry ($CO_2$) reforming of propane (DRP) to improve the production of syngas (a mixture of $H_2$ and CO) and the catalyst stability. The plasma-catalytic DRP was carried out with either thermally or plasma-reduced $Ni-CeO_2/{\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ catalyst at a $C_3H_8/CO_2$ ratio of 1/3 and a total feed gas flow rate of $300mL\;min^{-1}$. The catalytic activities associated with the DRP were evaluated in the range of $500{\sim}600^{\circ}C$. Following the calcination in ambient air, the ${\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ impregnated with the precursor solution ($Ni(NO_3)_2$ and $Ce(NO_3)_2$) was subjected to reduction in an $H_2/Ar$ atmosphere to prepare $Ni-CeO_2/{\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ catalyst. The characteristics of the catalysts were examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS), temperature programmed reduction ($H_2-TPR$), temperature programmed desorption ($H_2-TPD$, $CO_2-TPD$), temperature programmed oxidation (TPO), and Raman spectroscopy. The investigation revealed that the plasma-reduced $Ni-CeO_2/{\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ catalyst exhibited superior catalytic activity for the production of syngas, compared to the thermally reduced catalyst. Besides, the plasma-reduced $Ni-CeO_2/{\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ catalyst was found to show long-term catalytic stability with respect to coke resistance that is main concern regarding the DRP process.

Keywords

Dry reforming;Plasma;Ni-based catalysts;Catalytic activity;Synthesis gas

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 제주대학교