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생명의료 윤리교육이 간호학생의 도덕적 민감성, 비판적 사고성향, 생명의료 윤리의식에 미치는 효과

Effects of Biomedical Ethics Education on Moral sensitivity, Critical thinking and Biomedical ethics Awareness of Nursing Students

  • 투고 : 2018.11.16
  • 심사 : 2019.02.01
  • 발행 : 2019.02.28

초록

본 연구의 목적은 체계적인 생명의료 윤리교육이 간호대학생의 도덕적 민감성, 비판적 사고성향 및 생명윤리의식에 미치는 효과를 파악하는 것이다. 본 연구는 비동등성 유사실험연구이며, 수집된 자료에 대한 분석은 반복분산분석을 이용하였다. 자료수집은 2014년 9월 1일부터 12월 31일까지이다. A와 S 시 소재 대학의 간호대학생과 간호사가 본 연구에 대상자로 참여하였다. 본 연구의 대상자는 총 91명으로, 간호대학생 중 32명은 실험군에, 33명은 대조군 A에, 간호사 26명은 대조군 B에 배정되었다. 연구의 결과, 실험군과 대조군 A와 B에서 도덕적 민감성과 비판적 사고에는 교육의 유, 무에 따른 유의한 차이가 없었고 생명의료 윤리의식에서는 유의한 차이가 있었다(F=3.432, p=.037). 생명의료 윤리의식의 하위 범주에서 '태아의 생명권'(F=4.476, p=.014)과 '태아의 산전 진단'(F=6.207, p=.003), '신생아의 생존권' (F=6.207, p=.003)에서 실험군과 대조군 A, 대조군 B 간에 유의 한 차이를 보였다. 생명의료 윤리교육은 간호대학생들의 도덕적 민감성, 비판적 사고성향 및 생명의료 윤리의식에 긍정적인 효과를 나타냈으며, 따라서 생명의료 윤리교육은 간호대학생의 생명의료 윤리의식에 긍정적인 효과를 보였으며, 간호대학생들의 생명의료 윤리의식을 높이는 데 유의한 효과를 나타냈다.

Table 1. General Characteristics of Subjects

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Table 2. Homogeneity of Moral Sensitivity, Critical Thinking Disposition and Consciousness of Biomedical Ethics Between Experimental Group and Control Group

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Table 3. Comparison of Moral Sensitivity of Pretest and Posttest Between Experimental Group and Control Group

SHGSCZ_2019_v20n2_240_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Comparison of Critical Thinking Disposition ofPre-test and Post-test Between Experimental Group and Control Group

SHGSCZ_2019_v20n2_240_t0004.png 이미지

Table 5. Comparison of Consciousness of BiomedicalEthics of Pre-test and Post-test BetweenExperimental Group and Control Group

SHGSCZ_2019_v20n2_240_t0005.png 이미지

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