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Evaluation of Formaldehyde Emission from Wood-Based Panels Using Accelerated Collection Method

가속 포집방법을 이용한 목질보드류의 폼알데하이드 방출량 평가

Han, Hyun-jo;Lee, Seog-eon;Yang, Seung-min;Choi, Chul;Kang, Seog-goo

  • Received : 2018.11.15
  • Accepted : 2019.01.14
  • Published : 2019.03.25

Abstract

This study aimed at developing an accelerated collection method that reduces measurement and collection time by improving and complementing the desiccator method, which is mainly used for quality control in wood-based panels and furniture production sites. First, this study measured the formaldehyde emissions from the wood-based panels by grade using the desiccator method. Further, this study compared the desiccator method with the developed process and analyzed the correlation in optimal temperature, time, and exposed area. The results showed that the developed process resulted in relatively similar outcomes in comparison to the desiccator method when the temperature was $100^{\circ}C$, the time was 1 h, and two specimens were used, at which the correlation was high. To verify the developed process, this study commissioned Korea Conformity Laboratories with the standardized temperature, time, and the number of specimens to compare them with the specimen that was not used in the actual test. As a result, the correlation to the desiccator method was shown to be very high. However, the formaldehyde emission measured by the accelerated collection process was mostly higher than that measured by the desiccator method. The formaldehyde emission grades from several specimens were one level higher. However, from the perspectives of quality control, it was determined that the accelerated collection method developed in this study could be sufficiently used.

Keywords

formaldehyde;wood-based panel;accelerated collection method