Effects of 'Dietary Education for Children's Health UP' on the Changes in Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice of Nutrition and Food Safety in 5th Grade Elementary School Students in Incheon

인천지역 초등학교 5학년 대상 '어린이 건강UP 안전한 식생활교육'의 영양식품안전 지식, 태도, 실천의 변화에 대한 효과

  • Bae, Mi Ae (Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Natural Sciences, Inha University) ;
  • Park, So Hyun (Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Natural Sciences, Inha University) ;
  • Han, So Hee (Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Natural Sciences, Inha University) ;
  • Chin, Jeong Hee (School Meals Team, Department of Lifelong Education Health, Incheon Metropolitan City Nambu Office of Education) ;
  • Chang, Kyung Ja (Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Natural Sciences, Inha University)
  • 배미애 (인하대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 박소현 (인하대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 한소희 (인하대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 진정희 (인천남부교육지원청 평생교육건강과 학교급식팀) ;
  • 장경자 (인하대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2018.12.11
  • Accepted : 2019.01.21
  • Published : 2019.02.28


This study examined the effects of 'Dietary education for children's health UP' (DECHUP) on the changes in knowledge, attitudes, and practice (KAP) of nutrition and food safety in $5^{th}$ grade elementary school students in Incheon. The DECHUP program was conducted from May to October 2018 and consisted of education and activities focusing on the children's levels of understanding. Data were collected before, immediately after, and 6 weeks after DECHUP using the same method. All data were analyzed using SPSS ver 20.0. The level of knowledge and attitudes of the subjects to nutrition and food safety was significantly higher after than before DECHUP, but the attitude of boys did not show any significant difference after 6 weeks. Although there were no significant differences in the behavior for nutrition in the practice of the subjects, there were significant positive changes in the behavior of food safety. The higher the satisfaction of DECHUP, the more positive the change in knowledge, and the more positive the attitude and practice behaviors. Therefore, DECHUP has positive effects on the KAP of the subjects, and it will be helpful for elementary school students to form desirable eating habits if it can be carried out periodically and continuously.


Dietary education;knowledge;attitude;practice;nutrition and food safety

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The materials of ‘Dietary education for children’s health UP’ program (worksheet and vegetables and fruits of various colors)

The contents of ‘Dietary education for children's health UP’ program

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General characteristics of the subjects

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The changes in nutrition and food safety­related knowledge level of the subjects

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The changes in nutrition and food safety-related dietary attitude of the subjects

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The changes in nutrition and food safety-related practice behavior of the subjects

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Subjects’ satisfaction with ‘Dietary education for children's health UP’

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Correlation coefficient among satisfaction of dietary education and change in knowledge level, dietary attitudes and practice behavior

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