Leadership perception types among 119 emergency medical technicians

구급대원의 리더십에 대한 인식 유형

  • Lee, Ga-Yeon (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Kongju National University) ;
  • Choi, Eun-Sook (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Kongju National University)
  • 이가연 (공주대학교 응급구조학과) ;
  • 최은숙 (공주대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2019.03.17
  • Accepted : 2019.04.14
  • Published : 2019.04.30


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for developing strategic programs based on 119 emergency medical technicians leadership perception types. Methods: The subjects were thirty six 119 emergency medical technicians working for out-of hospital in Jeollanam-Do, Korea. Data were collected from July 20, 2017 to October 30, 2017. Q sample of 40 statements and P sample of 36 persons using PC QUANL software. Results: Three types of leadership styles were identified from the explanation (71.5% of the variables). The relationship oriented progressive type (the most common), the performance and value oriented type (the second most common), and the experience oriented filed participation type (the third most common). Conclusion: The fire department will need to develop and implemented leadership improvement programs based on the leadership types in order to meet the organization's goals.


119 Emergency medical technicians;Leardership;Subjectivity

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Fig. 1. Q-sample distribution plot and score configuration.

Table 1. Q-statement selected by sample

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Table 2. Q-sort distribution

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Table 3. Type by Eigen value and variance

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Table 4. Factor weight for P-sample

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Table 5. The statements above ± 1 of Z-score in factor I

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Table 6. The statements above ± 1 of Z-score in factor II

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Table 7. The statements above ± 1 of Z-score in factor III

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