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A survey on job stress, ego-resilience and incident impact on firefighters

소방공무원의 직무스트레스, 자아탄력성 및 사건충격 정도 실태 조사

Cha, Jin-Gyung;Choi, Uk-Jin;Bang, Sung-Hwan
차진경;최욱진;방성환

  • Received : 2019.03.13
  • Accepted : 2019.04.14
  • Published : 2019.04.30

Abstract

Purpose: This study was conducted to analyze job stress, ego-resilience, and results of the impact of event scale in order to verify the actual job stress of firefighters and provide baseline data for developing resolution programs. Methods: Data were collected via e-mail from 270 firefighters working at 119 safety centers and firehouses in the regions of Gyeonggi, Chungcheong, Busan, and Gyeongsang-do between the $1^{st}$ and $30^{th}$ of July, 2017. Results: Regarding gender differences in job stress, women ($2.16{\pm}0.65$) showed statistically significant job stress compared to men ($1.93{\pm}0.57$). As for the results of the incident impact of event scale statistically significant differences were observed (p=.001), and ego-resilience in men ($4.15{\pm}0.54$) was significantly higher than that in women ($3.79{\pm}0.75$) (p=.006). Depending on the work period, there were statistically significant differences (p=.000) in job stress, ego-resilience (p=.002), and impact of event scale (p=.000). Conclusion: Since job stress, ego-resilience, and results of the impact of event scale were closely related to dispatch frequency and work period of the firefighters, detailed and continuous stress management programs that consider these factors need to be developed.

Keywords

Firefighters;Job stress;Ego-resilience;Impact of event

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