A survey on job stress, ego-resilience and incident impact on firefighters

소방공무원의 직무스트레스, 자아탄력성 및 사건충격 정도 실태 조사

  • Cha, Jin-Gyung (Department of Nursing, Wonkwang Health Science University) ;
  • Choi, Uk-Jin (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Seojeong College) ;
  • Bang, Sung-Hwan (Department of Special Warfare Medical Non-Commissioned Officer, Daejeon Health Institute of Technology)
  • 차진경 (원광보건대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 최욱진 (서정대학교 응급구조과) ;
  • 방성환 (대전보건대학교 특전의무부사관과)
  • Received : 2019.03.13
  • Accepted : 2019.04.14
  • Published : 2019.04.30


Purpose: This study was conducted to analyze job stress, ego-resilience, and results of the impact of event scale in order to verify the actual job stress of firefighters and provide baseline data for developing resolution programs. Methods: Data were collected via e-mail from 270 firefighters working at 119 safety centers and firehouses in the regions of Gyeonggi, Chungcheong, Busan, and Gyeongsang-do between the $1^{st}$ and $30^{th}$ of July, 2017. Results: Regarding gender differences in job stress, women ($2.16{\pm}0.65$) showed statistically significant job stress compared to men ($1.93{\pm}0.57$). As for the results of the incident impact of event scale statistically significant differences were observed (p=.001), and ego-resilience in men ($4.15{\pm}0.54$) was significantly higher than that in women ($3.79{\pm}0.75$) (p=.006). Depending on the work period, there were statistically significant differences (p=.000) in job stress, ego-resilience (p=.002), and impact of event scale (p=.000). Conclusion: Since job stress, ego-resilience, and results of the impact of event scale were closely related to dispatch frequency and work period of the firefighters, detailed and continuous stress management programs that consider these factors need to be developed.


Firefighters;Job stress;Ego-resilience;Impact of event

Table 1. Demographic characteristics of the subjects

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Table 2. Relations with gender by factor

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_49_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Relations with marital status by factor

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Table 4. Relation with religion by factor

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_49_t0004.png 이미지

Table 5. Relation with career by factor

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_49_t0005.png 이미지

Table 6. Relation with current job by factor

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_49_t0006.png 이미지

Table 7. Relation with type of work by factor

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_49_t0007.png 이미지


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