A study on the violence victimization of the 119 EMT: Focusing on the physical restraints

119 구급대원 폭행피해에 대한 법적고찰 및 대응방안에 관한 연구 : 신체보호대를 중심으로

  • Park, Si-Eun (Department of Emergency Medical Technology, Dongkang College University) ;
  • Shin, Dong-Min (Department of Paramedic Science, Korea National University of Transportation)
  • 박시은 (동강대학교 응급구조과) ;
  • 신동민 (교통대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2019.03.17
  • Accepted : 2019.04.14
  • Published : 2019.04.30


Purpose: This study aimed to explore the rationality for and countermeasures against the use of prehospital patient restraint (PPR) techniques in efforts to limit violent behavior toward 119 emergency medical technicians (EMTs). Methods: Previous countermeasures to limit violent behavior toward 119 EMTs and medical personnel were focused on strict reactive and passive proactive responses. However, those in support of the countermeasures do not believe that violent and criminal behavior can be limited or extinguished by strengthening the punishment unconditionally. Results: When it comes to the far-reaching effects of stigmatization on people who engage in violent and criminal behavior, it is possible that unconditional punishment leads to more crime, increases the costs of imprisonment, and consequently, adds to the financial burden of the government. Conclusion: Thus, we are faced with an urgent need to prepare legal grounds for the use of PPR techniques by 119 EMTs for agitated or combative patients only, with direct medical oversight. Moreover, the legal foundation for the use of PPR techniques also needs to be established for emergency medical personnel. The use of PPR techniques not only ensures the safety of emergency medical services personnel, but also protects patients from injuring themselves and others.


Emergency medical services;Emergency medical technicians;Physical restraints;Violence;Criminal

Table 1. Current state of 119 EMTs violence victimization occurrence and punishment

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Table 2. Suspect type of assault against EMTs

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Table 3. Analysis of legislation on the punishment and protection for assaulter

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Table 4. Analysis of response manual for violence prevention against 119 EMTs

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Table 5. Patient Restraints in emergency medical service systems

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Supported by : 한국교통대학교


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