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A study on the preceptor role awareness of senior 119 paramedics in the field

선임구급대원의 구급현장 프리셉터 역할인식에 대한 연구

  • Kim, Eun-Ae (Division of Emergency Medical Service, National Fire Agency 119) ;
  • Cho, Keun-Ja (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Kongju National University)
  • Received : 2019.03.16
  • Accepted : 2019.04.14
  • Published : 2019.04.30

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to provide basic data to aid in the effective adoption of the preceptor system for new paramedics by assessing the preceptor role awareness among senior 119 paramedics in the field. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 182 senior paramedics who each had more than 3 years field experience. The questionnaire measuring preceptor role awareness was composed of 64 items with responses based on a 5 point Likert scale. Data were collected from July 31, 2018 to August 29, 2018, and were analyzed with IBM SPSS version 24.0. Results: The average score for preceptor role awareness was 3.87 (supervisor = 3.95, resource person = 3.88, role model = 3.85, and instruction designer = 3.81). There were significant differences in preceptor role awareness among the participants based on competence (p =.002) and clinical skill (p =.000). Also, there were high positive correlations between preceptor role awareness and its subdivision (p <.01). Conclusion: For effective operation of the preceptor system in the future, the preceptors' role as designers of instruction and role models should be enhanced, Also, future preceptors are very important in the improvement of competence and clinical skill in the preceptor system. Therefore, it is necessary to provide training that enables new preceptors to effectively adopt and operate the preceptor system.

Keywords

Paramedic;Preceptor;Preceptee;Role awareness

Table 1. General characteristic of subjects

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Table 2. Job-related characteristics of subjects

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Table 3. Level of the preceptors' role awareness of subjects

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Table 4. Differences of preceptor role awareness according to general characteristics (N=182)

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Table 5. Differences of preceptor role awareness according to job-related characteristics

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Table 6. Subdivision differences of preceptor role awareness according to subjects' license

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Table 7. Subdivision differences of preceptor role awareness according to existence of the person in charge of preceptor role

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Table 8. Subdivision differences of preceptor role awareness according to the paramedic career (years)

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Table 9. Subdivision differences of preceptor role awareness according to competence of EMS expertise of subjects

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Table 10. Subdivision differences of preceptor role awareness according to competence of clinical skill of subjects

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Table 11. Correlation between preceptor role awareness and its subdivision

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