A study on the preceptor role awareness of senior 119 paramedics in the field

선임구급대원의 구급현장 프리셉터 역할인식에 대한 연구

  • Kim, Eun-Ae (Division of Emergency Medical Service, National Fire Agency 119) ;
  • Cho, Keun-Ja (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Kongju National University)
  • Received : 2019.03.16
  • Accepted : 2019.04.14
  • Published : 2019.04.30


Purpose: The aim of this study was to provide basic data to aid in the effective adoption of the preceptor system for new paramedics by assessing the preceptor role awareness among senior 119 paramedics in the field. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 182 senior paramedics who each had more than 3 years field experience. The questionnaire measuring preceptor role awareness was composed of 64 items with responses based on a 5 point Likert scale. Data were collected from July 31, 2018 to August 29, 2018, and were analyzed with IBM SPSS version 24.0. Results: The average score for preceptor role awareness was 3.87 (supervisor = 3.95, resource person = 3.88, role model = 3.85, and instruction designer = 3.81). There were significant differences in preceptor role awareness among the participants based on competence (p =.002) and clinical skill (p =.000). Also, there were high positive correlations between preceptor role awareness and its subdivision (p <.01). Conclusion: For effective operation of the preceptor system in the future, the preceptors' role as designers of instruction and role models should be enhanced, Also, future preceptors are very important in the improvement of competence and clinical skill in the preceptor system. Therefore, it is necessary to provide training that enables new preceptors to effectively adopt and operate the preceptor system.


Paramedic;Preceptor;Preceptee;Role awareness

Table 1. General characteristic of subjects

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_19_t0001.png 이미지

Table 2. Job-related characteristics of subjects

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_19_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Level of the preceptors' role awareness of subjects

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_19_t0003.png 이미지

Table 4. Differences of preceptor role awareness according to general characteristics (N=182)

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_19_t0004.png 이미지

Table 5. Differences of preceptor role awareness according to job-related characteristics

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_19_t0005.png 이미지

Table 6. Subdivision differences of preceptor role awareness according to subjects' license

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_19_t0006.png 이미지

Table 7. Subdivision differences of preceptor role awareness according to existence of the person in charge of preceptor role

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_19_t0007.png 이미지

Table 8. Subdivision differences of preceptor role awareness according to the paramedic career (years)

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_19_t0008.png 이미지

Table 9. Subdivision differences of preceptor role awareness according to competence of EMS expertise of subjects

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_19_t0009.png 이미지

Table 10. Subdivision differences of preceptor role awareness according to competence of clinical skill of subjects

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_19_t0010.png 이미지

Table 11. Correlation between preceptor role awareness and its subdivision

OGGJB9_2019_v23n1_19_t0011.png 이미지


  1. Moonhwa daily magazine. Ministry of health and welfare. 'Expanding paramedic scope of practice in the 119 paramedic' demonstration project. Available at:
  2. National Fire Agency 119 annual statistics of EMS. 2018. 14.
  3. Chungcheong fire academy junior fighters academy program. Available at:
  4. Sim HS. A study of preceptee's role socialization and preceptor role self-perceptions. unpublished doctoral dissertation, Chungnam National University 2002, Daejeon, Korea.
  5. Fawcett DL. Mentoring what it is and how to make it work. AORN Journal 2002;75:950-4.
  6. Carver H. The paramedic preceptor experience: improving preparation and support. The degree of doctor of philosophy, South Eastern Sydney Charles Sturt University 2016.
  7. O'Brien K, Moore A. Dawson D. Hartley P. An Australian story- paramedic education and practice in transition. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine 2014;11(3).
  8. Gurchiek DJ. The five phases of preceptorship. EMS world 2014;43(11):53-60.
  9. Edwards D. Paramedic preceptor: work readiness in graduate paramedics. The Clinical Teacher 2011;8:79-82.
  10. Nam EW, Jung JS, Kim JH. A study on the Job willingness of choosing the same hospital. Korean J Hospital Management 1997;2(1):48-64.
  11. Kim CH, Kim HS, Cho HS, Lee SO, Ham HM, Park MM. The effect of preceptorship on the job training of new nurses. Korean Journal of Adult Nursing 2000;12(4):546-59.
  12. Lee JY. A study on nurse image, professional self-concept and organizational commitment of nursing students. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society 2017;18(3):284-95.
  13. Choi ES. Recognition and acceptance concerning the introduction of preceptorship to the ambulance ride practice. Korean J Emerg Med Ser 2014;18(1):67-81.
  14. Lee GU, Kill YS. A phenomenological research upon experiences of newly appointed fire fighters(paramedics). Asia-Pacific Journal of Multimedia Services Convergent with Art humanities and Sociology 2018;8(1):591-604.
  15. Chae J, Woo SC, Kim JU. The effect of mentoring to the fire officials job ability. Fire Sci & Eng 2011;25(2):71-9.
  16. Nam MH, Kim HO. A convergence work experience of nursing students under preceptorship. Journal of Digital Convergence 2017;15(9):283-300.
  17. Bashoff ML. A comparison of the performance of undergraduate preceptor and faculty clinical instructors as perceived by senior baccalaureate nursing student. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University Teachers College 1988, New York, USA.
  18. The standard protocols for 119 Emergency Medical Service providers. 2019. National Fire Agency 119.
  19. Morrissey NA. Preceptor role self-perception master's nursing student's education in the hospital setting. Doctoral dissertation, George Mason University 1994, Virginia, USA.
  20. Jung MH, Koh MS. The effects of preceptor nurses' self-leadership on role recognition and job satisfaction. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm 2012:18(2)146-54.
  21. Moon K, Park KS. The effects of preceptor preparation education on the preceptor's role recognition and job satisfaction. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm 2004;10(4):401-15.
  22. Kim SY, Kim JK, Park KO. The role experience of preceptor nurses in hospitals. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm 2012;18(1):33-45.
  23. Sim HS, Moon WH. Preceptor role self-perceptions: new nurses' education in Korean hospital Setting. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development 2018;9(3):823-8.