- Volume 24 Issue 1
DOI QR Code
Characteristics of Waterbird Community at Coastal Wetlands in the South and West Coasts, Korea
서·남해안 연안습지의 수조류 군집특성
SHIN, YONG-UN;HAN, SEUNG-WOO;LEE, SI-WAN;HWANG, IN SEO;PARK, CHI-YOUNG
- Received : 2019.01.10
- Accepted : 2019.02.13
- Published : 2019.02.28
The migration status of waterbirds inhabiting the 10 coastal wetlands in the south and west coasts (Jangbongdo, Muuido, Daecheoncheon estuary, Seocheon tidal flat, Yubudo, Gomso bay, Hauido, Jeungdo, Doam bay, Gangjin bay) was examined from May 2008 to March 2013. For the most dominant taxonomical group, shorebirds accounted for 37.5% of the number of species and 67.1% of the total population, followed in the order of dabbling ducks, herons, and seagulls. The dominate species were Calidris alpina, Larus crassirostris, Limosa lapponica, Charadrius alexandrinus, and Calidris tenuirostris. Shorebirds were observed most at Seocheon Tidal Flats and Yubudo Island, and dabbling ducks were found most in Doam Bay. Diving ducks were observed most at Gangjin Bay and seagulls were seen most frequently at Seocheon Tidal Flats. The ten coastal wetlands of the western and southern coasts were divided into three groups according to the similarity index of waterbirds (Ro). Group 1 was the area where dabbling ducks and diving ducks were dominant, group 2 was the area where shorebirds were dominant, and group 3 was the area where seagulls were dominant. It was evident that there were differences in species composition depending on the regional environments.
Waterbird;Similarity index;South and West coast;National Survey on Marine Ecosystem
- Barter, M., 2002. Shorebirds of the Yellow Sea: Importance, threats and conservation status. Wetlands International. Oceania, pp. 5-13, Global Ser. 9, Int. Wader Studies 12, Canberra, Australia.
- Brower, J. Zar and C. Von Ende. 1990. Field and Laboratory Methods for General Ecology. Third Ed., Wm. C. Brown Publishers, Dubuque, 237 pp.
- Cho S. R., 1994. On the effect of wintering ecology of Birds according to the reclamation A and B area at Seosan, Korea. Kor. J. Orni., 1: 83-74.
- Hur, W. H., S. J. Park, S. J. Rhim, Y. S. Park, S. Y. Choi, C. B. Lee and W. S. Lee. 2003. Differences in Bird Communities Due to Different Habitat Type in Han River Area. Kor. J. Env. Eco., 17(1): 83-91.
- Hur, W. H., W. S. Lee and S. J. Rhim. 2005. Changes in Bird Community in Artificial Wetlands of Sihwa Lake, South Korea. Kor. J. Env. Eco., 19(3): 279-286.
- Korea Rural Community Corporation. 1995. Tideland Reclamation in Korea. 316 pp.
- Lee K. S., 2000. Current Status and Population Fluctuations of Waterbirds on the West Coast of Korea. Ph.D. Thesis, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, 211 pp.
- Lee, K. S., M. R. Kim, S. W. Lee and H. S. Lee, 2004. The study for grading of the mudflat by birds. Journal of Korean Wetlands Society, 6(1): 105-115.
- MacKinnon, J., Y. I. Verkuil and N. Murray, 2012. IUCN situation analysis on East and Southeast Asian intertidal habitats, with particular reference to the Yellow Sea (including the Bohai Sea). pp. 9-14, Occasional paper of the IUCN species survival commission, 47 pp.
- Margalef, D. R. 1958. Information theory in ecology. Society for General Systems Research, 3: 36-71.
- Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, 2005. Tideland in Korea. 121 pp.
- Park, C. Y., 2016. Study on the Influence of Bird Community Structure and Distribution According to the Restoration of Intertidal Zone. Ph.D. Thesis, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 154 pp.
- Park, C. Y., W. Y. Kim and D. P. Lee, 2009. Comparison of the Characteristics of Bird Community According to Habitat Types in Rural Area of Muan-gun, Jeollanam-do. Kor. J. Orni., 16(2): 81-92.
- Reise, K. 1985. Tidal Flat Ecology. Springer-Verlag. Berlin. 191 pp.
- Shannon, C. E. and W. Weaver, 1949. The mathematical theory of communication. Univ. of Illinois press. Urbana-Champaign, 117 pp.
- Shin, Y. U., T. H. Kang, I. K. Kim, S. W. Lee, H. S. Oh, 2014. Avifauna and Grading Assessment of the Wetlands in South-West Coast, Korea. Kor. J. Orni., 21(2): 53-64.
- Yoo, J. C. and K. S. Lee, 1998. Current Status of Birds on the West Coast of Korea and a Recommendation for Conservation. Ocean and Polar Research, 20(2): 131-143.
- Yu, J. P., I. H. Paik, J. H. Kang, S. J. Jin and W. K. Paek. 2015. A Study on the Community Variation of Shorebirds in Yubu Island, Korea. Kor. J. Env. Eco., 25(2): 95.