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Characteristics of Waterbird Community at Coastal Wetlands in the South and West Coasts, Korea

서·남해안 연안습지의 수조류 군집특성

SHIN, YONG-UN;HAN, SEUNG-WOO;LEE, SI-WAN;HWANG, IN SEO;PARK, CHI-YOUNG
신용운;한승우;이시완;황인서;박치영

  • Received : 2019.01.10
  • Accepted : 2019.02.13
  • Published : 2019.02.28

Abstract

The migration status of waterbirds inhabiting the 10 coastal wetlands in the south and west coasts (Jangbongdo, Muuido, Daecheoncheon estuary, Seocheon tidal flat, Yubudo, Gomso bay, Hauido, Jeungdo, Doam bay, Gangjin bay) was examined from May 2008 to March 2013. For the most dominant taxonomical group, shorebirds accounted for 37.5% of the number of species and 67.1% of the total population, followed in the order of dabbling ducks, herons, and seagulls. The dominate species were Calidris alpina, Larus crassirostris, Limosa lapponica, Charadrius alexandrinus, and Calidris tenuirostris. Shorebirds were observed most at Seocheon Tidal Flats and Yubudo Island, and dabbling ducks were found most in Doam Bay. Diving ducks were observed most at Gangjin Bay and seagulls were seen most frequently at Seocheon Tidal Flats. The ten coastal wetlands of the western and southern coasts were divided into three groups according to the similarity index of waterbirds (Ro). Group 1 was the area where dabbling ducks and diving ducks were dominant, group 2 was the area where shorebirds were dominant, and group 3 was the area where seagulls were dominant. It was evident that there were differences in species composition depending on the regional environments.

Keywords

Waterbird;Similarity index;South and West coast;National Survey on Marine Ecosystem

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