The Mediating Effect of Optimism on the Relationship Between Stress and Happiness at School Perceived by Middle School Students

중학생이 지각한 스트레스와 학교 행복감의 관계에서 낙관성의 매개효과

  • Kim, Tae-Eun (Dept. Child Studies & Education, Hanyang Cyber University)
  • 김태은 (한양사이버대학교 아동학과)
  • Received : 2018.10.30
  • Accepted : 2019.02.20
  • Published : 2019.02.28


This study examined the mediating effect of optimism on the relationship of middle school students' stress and happiness at school. 264 middle school students in Seoul were surveyed. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, correlation and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that: (1) The question means of stress and optimism were in the 'average' and 'slightly high'. The question mean of happiness at school was in the 'not happy' and 'slightly happy'. Females experienced higher level of stress than males. Males showed higher levels of happiness at school and optimism than females. (2) The stress, happiness at school and optimism were correlated. (3) The effect of stress on happiness at school was fully mediated by optimism. This study demonstrated that enhancing optimism is an effective strategy for improving the happiness at school. Finally, the findings were discussed from the convergence perspective.

본 연구는 중학생의 스트레스와 학교 행복감의 관계에서 낙관성이 매개효과를 나타내는지 알아보기 위해 실시되었다. 서울 소재 중학교에 재학 중인 학생 264명을 대상으로 자료를 수집했고 기술통계, t-test, 상관관계 분석 및 중다회귀분석을 실시해 자료를 분석하였다. 연구결과 첫째, 중학생의 스트레스와 낙관성의 문항평균은 '보통'과 '약간 높음', 학교 행복감 문항평균은 '행복하지 않음'과 '약간 행복함' 사이인 것으로 나타났다. 스트레스는 여학생이 남학생보다 높았고 학교 행복감과 낙관성은 남학생에서 더 높았다. 둘째, 스트레스와 학교 행복감, 낙관성 간에는 유의한 상관관계가 있었다. 셋째, 낙관성은 스트레스와 학교 행복감 사이를 완전매개하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 낙관성을 증진하는 것이 학교 행복감 향상에 효과적인 전략임을 의미한다. 끝으로 융복합적 관점에서 연구결과를 논의하였다.


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Fig. 1. The Mediating Effect of Optimism on the Relationship between Stress and Happiness at school

Table 1. Level of Stress, Happiness at School and Optimism

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Table 2. Correlations among Stress, Happiness at school and Optimism

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Table 3. Mediating Effect of Optimism on the Relationship of Stress and Happiness at school

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