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Effect of Salt Concentration and Turbidity on the Inactivation of Artemia sp. in Electrolysis UV, Electrolysis+UV Processes

해수의 염 농도와 탁도가 전기, UV 및 전기+UV 공정의 Artemia sp. 불활성화에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Dong-Seng (Department of Environmental Science, Catholic University of Daegu) ;
  • Park, Young-Seek (Division of Creative Integrator General Studies, Daegu University)
  • 김동석 (대구가톨릭대학교 환경과학과) ;
  • 박영식 (대구대학교 창조융합학부)
  • Received : 2018.05.31
  • Accepted : 2018.07.24
  • Published : 2019.03.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of salt concentration and turbidity on the inactivation of Artemia sp. by electrolysis, UV photolysis, electrolysis+UV process to treat ballast water in the presence of brackish water or muddy water caused by rainfall. The inactivation at different salt concentrations (30 g/L and 3 g/L) and turbidity levels (0, 156, 779 NTU) was compared. A decrease in salt concentration reduced RNO (OH radical generation index) degradation and TRO (Total Residual Oxidant) production, indicating that a longer electrolysis time is required to achieve a 100% inactivation rate in electrolysis process. In the UV process, the higher turbidity results in lower UV transmittance and lower inactivation efficiency of Artemia sp. Higher the turbidity resulted in lower ultraviolet transmittance in the UV process and lower inactivation efficiency of Artemia sp. A UV exposure time of over 30 seconds was required for 100% inactivation. Factors affecting inactivation efficiency of Artemia sp. in low salt concentration are in the order: electrolysis+UV > electrolysis > UV process. In the case of electrolysis+UV process, TRO is lower than the electrolysis process, but RNO is more decomposed, indicating that the OH radical has a greater effect on the inactivation effect. In low salt concentrations and high turbidity conditions, factors affecting Artemia sp. inactivation were in the order electrolysis > electrolysis+UV > UV process. When the salt concentration is low and the turbidity is high, the electrolysis process is affected by the salt concentration and the UV process is affected by turbidity. Therefore, the synergy due to the combination of the electrolysis process and the UV process was small, and the inactivation was lower than that of the single electrolysis process only affected by the salt concentration.

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