Identification of Biogas Production by Bio Methane Potential (BMP) Test During the Anaerobic Digestion Process of Organic Wastewater from Polyester Manufacturing Processes

  • Shin, Choon-Hwan (Department of Energy & Environmental Engineering, Dongseo University) ;
  • Bae, Jun-Seok (Division of Earth Science and Resource Engineering, CSIRO)
  • Received : 2018.11.08
  • Accepted : 2019.02.22
  • Published : 2019.02.28


Organic wastewater generated from polyester manufacturing processes was selected from H company to investigate the feasibility of anaerobic digestion that produces gases including methane. Bio Methane Potential (BMP) tests were conducted to measure the gas production and methane concentration for 7 process wastewater and 2 kinds of sludges from the H company. Also, along with monitoring pH and alkalinity during the anaerobic digestion process, the concentrations of COD and 1,4-dioxane were measured with 4 different operating conditions for N Emulsion (NE) and Ethylene Glycol (EG) wastewater. The BMP tests showed that 65% of methane was produced from NE and EG wastewater. This suggests that the organic wastewater from H company can be effectively treated by an anaerobic digester by which more than 90% of COD was removed.


Anaerobic digestion;Biogas;Organic wastewater;BMP


Supported by : Dongseo University


  1. Anjum, R., Grohmann, E., Krakat, N., 2017, Anaerobic digestion of nitrogen rich poultry manure: Impact of thermophilic biogas process on metal release and microbial resistances. Chemosphere, 168, 1637-47.
  2. Antwi, P., Li, J., Boadi, P. O., Meng, J., Shi, E., Deng, K., 2017, Estimation of biogas and methane yields in an UASB treating potato starch processing wastewater with back propagation artificial natural network. Bioresour Technol , 228, 106-15.
  3. APAH, A., 1998, Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 20.
  4. Burback, B. L., Perry, J. J., 1993, Biodegradation and biotransformation of groundwater pollutant mixtures by Mycobacterium vaccae. Appl Environ Microbiol, 59, 1025-9.
  5. Cho, J., Lee, J., Park, S., Chang, H., 1993, Evaluation of biochemical methane potential of typical Korean food wastes. J.of Kor. Solid. Wastes. Engin. Soc., 10, 211-217.
  6. Dague, R., Habben, C., Pidaparti, S., 1992, Initial studies on the anaerobic sequencing batch reactor. Water Science and Technology, 26, 2429-2432.
  7. Han, J., So, M., Kim, C., 2008, Assessment of 1, 4-Dioxane removal in polyester wastewater by activated sludge and its microbial property by 16S rDNA. Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 30, 393-400.
  8. Heo, N., Chung, S., 2005, High-rate Anaerobic Co-digestion of Food Waste and Sewage Sludge. Journal of the Korean society for New and Renewable Energy ,1, 60-72.
  9. Jeong, T., Cha, G., Choi, S. S., Jeon, C., 2007, Evaluation of methane production by the thermal pretreatment of waste activated sludge in an anaerobic digester. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 13, 856-63.
  10. Jeong, T. C., Cha, G. S., Seo, Y. S., Jeon, C. K., Choi, S. S., 2008, Effect of COD/sulfate ratios on batch anaerobic digestion using waste activated sludge. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 14, 6937-6947.
  11. Kang, B. S., Hwang, H. K., Kim, J. H., Yang, Y. G., Kim, Y. J., 2011, Study on Reutilization with Aerobic Microbes of Organic Food Waste Leachates. Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 33, 54-59.
  12. Kaparaju, P., Ellegaard, L., Angelidaki, I., 2009, Optimisation of biogas production from manure through serial digestion: Lab-scale and pilot-scale studies. Bioresour Technol, 100, 701-709.
  13. Lee, J., Park, J., Byun, I., Park, T., Lee, T., 2014, Anaerobic digestion of organic wastewater from chemical fiber manufacturing plant: lab and pilot-scale experiments. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 20, 1732-1736.
  14. Maragkaki, A., Fountoulakis, M., Gypakis, A., Kyriakou, A., Lasaridi, K., Manios, T., 2017, Pilot-scale anaerobic co-digestion of sewage sludge with agro-industrial by-products for increased biogas production of existing digesters at wastewater treatment plants. Waste Manage, 59, 362-370.
  15. Mohan, S. V., Babu, V. L., Bhaskar, Y. V., Sarma, P., 2007, Influence of recirculation on the performance of anaerobic sequencing batch biofilm reactor (AnSBBR) treating hypersaline composite chemical wastewater. Bioresour Technol, 98, 1373-1379.
  16. Parales, R. E., Adamus, J. E., White, N., May, H. D., 1994, Degradation of 1,4-dioxane by an actinomycete in pure culture. Appl Environ Microbio, 60, 4527-4530.
  17. Safarzadeh-Amiri, A., Bolton, J. R., Cater, S. R., 1997, Ferrioxalate-mediated photodegradation of organic pollutants in contaminated water. Water Res, 31, 787-798.
  18. Siman, R. R., Borges, A. C., Ratusznei, S. M., Rodrigues, J. A., Zaiat, M., Foresti, E., 2004, Influence of organic loading on an anaerobic sequencing biofilm batch reactor (ASBBR) as a function of cycle period and wastewater concentration. J Environ Manage, 72, 241-247.
  19. Stefan, M. I., Bolton, J. R., 1994, Mechanism of the degradation of 1, 4-dioxane in dilute aqueous solution using the UV/hydrogen peroxide process. Environ Sci Technol ,32, 1588-1595.
  20. Wang, Y., Pleasant, S., Jain, P., Powell, J., Townsend, T., 2016, Calcium carbonate-based permeable reactive barriers for iron and manganese groundwater remediation at landfills. Waste Manage, 53, 128-135.
  21. Woo, M. N., Han, G. A., 2010, study on the sludge reduction and biogas production through a two-phase anaerobic digestion process. Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 32, 894-899.
  22. Ziganshina, E. E., Ibragimov, E. M., Vankov, P. Y., Miluykov, V. A., Ziganshin, A. M., 2017, Comparison of anaerobic digestion strategies of nitrogen-rich substrates: performance of anaerobic reactors and microbial community diversity. Waste Manage, 59, 160-171.