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Influence of Abnormally High Temperatures on Growth, Yield and Physiological Active Substances of Strawberry

이상 고온 조건이 딸기의 생육, 수량 및 생리활성 성분에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Gyu-Bin (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Jung-Eun (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Je, Byoung-Il (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Yong-Jae (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Young-Hoon (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Choi, Young-Whan (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Son, Beung-Gu (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kang, Nam-Jun (Department of Horticulture, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kang, Jum-Soon (Department of Horticulture Bioscience, Pusan National University)
  • 이규빈 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 이정은 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 제병일 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 이용재 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 박영훈 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 최영환 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 손병구 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과) ;
  • 강남준 (경상대학교 원예학과) ;
  • 강점순 (부산대학교 원예생명과학과)
  • Received : 2018.12.31
  • Accepted : 2019.01.08
  • Published : 2019.01.31

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the influences of abnormal high temperature on growth, yield and physiologically active substances of the strawberry. General strawberry cultivars in the $20^{\circ}C$ growth condition showed much better growth of leaf number, length, diameter along with plant height, compared with those in $22.5^{\circ}C$ or $25^{\circ}C$. But the cultivars of both 'Sulhyang' and 'Mehyang' showed good growth and development at $25^{\circ}C$ with the roots showing great growth at $20^{\circ}C$. The quality and yield of the strawberry were best in the $20^{\circ}C$ growth condition, but the merchantability deteriorated in the $25^{\circ}C$ high temperature condition. As for the content of the physiologically active substances of the strawberry, it increased at $20^{\circ}C$, the optimum growth temperature, but decreased at $25^{\circ}C$. The physiologically active substances in the strawberry differed among the cultivars, the contents of cyanidin-3-glucoside, cinchonine, ellagic acid and cinnamic acid higher in the 'Mehyang', whereas the content of fisetin is higher in the 'Sulhyang' cultivar.Consequentially, the high temperature in summer has a negative effect on the physiological active ingredients of the strawberry, which was increased in the strawberry cultivated at proper temperature, and high quality strawberry production was possible.

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