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Effects of the plane of nutrition for grower pigs on their grow-finish performance and meat quality in winter

  • Yang, Bo-Seok (Department of Animal Resources Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Myeong Hyeon (Department of Animal Resources Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Choi, Jung-Seok (Swine Science and Technology Center, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Jin, Sang Keun (Department of Animal Resources Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Park, Man-Jong (Department of Animal Resources Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Song, Young-Min (Department of Animal Resources Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Lee, Chul Young (Department of Animal Resources Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology)
  • Received : 2018.11.22
  • Accepted : 2019.01.14
  • Published : 2019.01.31

Abstract

Little is known about the effects of the plane of nutrition on growth performance and meat quality of grow-finish pigs under commercial production conditions. The present study was thus addressed to this virtually unanswered question. One hundred and two barrows and 102 gilts weighing approximately 24 kg were fed phase I and II grower diets with a high, medium, or low plane of nutrition (HP, MP, or LP) to approximately 43 and 70 kg, respectively, in 6 replicates (pens). Subsequently, the HP and MP groups were fed the HP and MP1 finisher diets, respectively, the LP group being fed a second MP (MP2) finisher diet (LP1 group). Moreover, 68 LP-grower-fed barrows and gilts were added to the feeding trial and fed the MP1 and LP finisher diets to approximately 95 kg and thereafter, respectively (LP2 group). All MP diets had the lysine:calorie ratios comparable to the RNC recommendations, with < 18% differences between those of the HP and LP diets. The finisher pigs were reared in 16 pens and slaughtered at approximately 115 kg. The gain:feed ratio, but not average daily gain (ADG), was greater for the HP group than for the MP and LP during the grower phase I whereas during the grower phase II, ADG was greater (p < 0.05) for the HP and LP groups vs. MP. During the finisher phase I, ADG was less for the LP (LP1 + LP2) group vs. HP and MP, with no difference between the HP and MP groups; the gain:feed ratio was less for the LP vs. MP group. Backfat thickness was greater for the LP vs. HP group. The water holding capacity of fresh longissimus dorsi muscle (LM) and the sensory juiciness score for cooked LM were greatest for the LP group, the sensory flavor and tenderness scores being greater for the LP group vs. MP. In conclusion, results suggest that compensatory growth occurred for the LP and MP groups during the grower phase II and finisher phase I, respectively, with fat deposition increased for the LP group and that meat quality could be improved by the use of LP.

Keywords

Backfat;Growing-finishing pig;Growth;Meat quality;Plane of nutrition;Winter

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology (GNTECH)

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