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SFCFOS Uniform and Chebyshev Amplitude Distribution Linear Array Antenna for K-Band Applications

  • Kothapudi, Venkata Kishore (Department of Communication Engineering, School of Electronics Engineering (SENSE), Vellore Institute of Technology) ;
  • Kumar, Vijay (Department of Communication Engineering, School of Electronics Engineering (SENSE), Vellore Institute of Technology)
  • Received : 2018.05.06
  • Accepted : 2018.11.22
  • Published : 2019.01.31

Abstract

In this study, a compact series-fed center-fed open-stub (SFCFOS) linear array antenna for K-band applications is presented. The antenna is composed of a single-line 10-element linear array. A symmetrical Chebyshev amplitude distribution (CAD) is used to obtain a low sidelobe characteristic against a uniform amplitude distribution (UAD). The amplitude is controlled by varying the width of the microstrip patch elements, and open-ended stubs are arranged next to the last antenna element to use the energy of the radiating signal more effectively. We insert a series-fed stub between two patches and obtain a low mutual coupling for a 4.28-mm center-to-center spacing ($0.7{\lambda}$ at 21 GHz). A prototype of the antenna is fabricated and tested. The overall size of the uniform linear array is $7.04{\times}1.05{\times}0.0563{\lambda}_g^3$ and that of the Chebyshev linear array is $9.92{\times}1.48{\times}0.0793{\lambda}_g^3$. The UAD array yields a ${\mid}S_{11}{\mid}$ < -10 dB bandwidth of 1.33% (20.912-21.192 GHz) and 1.45% (20.89-21.196 GHz) for the CAD. The uniform array design gives a -23 dB return loss, and the Chebyshev array achieves a -30.68 dB return loss at the center frequency with gains of 15.3 dBi and 17 dBi, respectively. The simulated and measured results are in good agreement.

Keywords

Chebyshev Amplitude Distribution (CAD);Linear Array;Microstrip;Series-Fed Center-Fed Open-Stub (SFCFOS);Uniform Amplitude Distribution (UAD)

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