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동적역량, 운영역량, IT역량이 혁신성과에 미치는 영향 : 탐험과 활용을 중심으로

The Effect of Dynamic Capabilities, Operational Capabilities, and IT Capabilities on Innovative Performance : Focusing on Exploration and Exploitation

  • 김문식 (동명대학교 금융회계학과)
  • Kim, Moon-Shik (Dept. of Finance & Accounting, Tongmyong University)
  • 투고 : 2018.09.06
  • 심사 : 2019.01.04
  • 발행 : 2019.01.31

초록

본 연구는 동적역량과 혁신성과 간의 관계를 탐험과 활용의 관점에서 구분된 운영역량과 IT역량이 조절하고 매개하는지를 조사하였다. 178개 기업의 설문지를 분석한 결과, 포착역량과 재구성역량이 점진적 혁신성과와 급진적 혁신성과에 정(+), 탐험적 운영역량과 활용적 운영역량이 점진적 혁신성과에 정(+), 탐험적 운영역량이 급진적 혁신성과에 정(+)의 영향을 미치고 있다. 또한 유의적인 상호작용항은 점진적 혁신성과에 대하여 '탐험적 운영역량*탐험적 IT역량', '탐험적 운영역량*활용적 IT역량', '활용적 운영역량*활용적 IT역량' 등이며, 급진적 혁신성과에 대하여 '탐험적 운영역량*탐험적 IT역량'이다. 유의한 매개효과가 검증된 경우는 7가지였다. 본 연구의 의미는 동적역량이 혁신성과에 미치는 영향을 직접 효과와 간접효과로 나누어 실증적인 연구를 최초로 시도하였으며 운영역량과 IT역량을 탐험과 활용 역량으로 구분하여 정밀한 분석을 하였다는 점이다. 본 연구 결과를 통하여 기업이 적응하고 진화하는데 동적역량과 운영역량이 상호보완적인 역할을 한다는 시사점을 얻을 수 있다.

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Fig. 1. research model

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Fig. 2. moderating effect ; incremental innovation

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Fig. 3. moderating effect ; radical innovation

Table 1. mean, s.e., correlations

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Table 2. test of hypotheses 1

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Table 3. test of hypotheses 2

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Table 4. test of hypotheses 3

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Table 5. mediation effect of operating capabilities

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과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 한국연구재단

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